Minors

American Studies Minor 24 cr

American Studies is an interdisciplinary program. It relies on multiple perspectives to explore cultural life, whose complexity defies the boundaries of traditional disciplines. Students who minor in American Studies are well positioned to pursue successful careers in government, education, business, history, journalism, English, and the fine arts.

  • AME 220 American Studies in Theory and Practice
  • ENG 327 American Literatures
  • HTY 103 American History I
  • HTY 104 American History II
  • POS 215 American National Government
  • American Studies electives at or above 200-level

American Studies electives should focus on the American experience and derive from art, music,theater, English, communication, history, political science, sociology, anthropology, and/or psychology.
Note: At least 12 of the 24 credits must be outside a student’s major.

Art Minor 24 cr

This program is intended to serve as a foundation for additional study in art and as a complement to related
liberal arts or education majors.

Select one: 3

  • ART 101 2-D Fundamentals of Art
  • ART 102 Art Fundamentals: 3-D
  • ART 201 Art History I 3
  • ART 202 Art History II 3
  • ART 210 Drawing I 3

Select 12 credits in art electives 12

Biology Minor 32 cr

  • BIO 111 General Zoology 4
  • BIO 112 General Botany 4

Select one: 4

  • BIO 222 Cell Biology
  • BIO 265 Genetics
  • BIO 221 General Microbiology 4
  • BIO 245 General Ecology 4
  • BIO elective at or above 200 level 4
  • CHY 101 General Chemistry I 4
  • CHY 102 General Chemistry II 4

Business Administration Minor 18 cr

The Business Administration minor is designed for students not majoring in Business Administration who are encouraged to complement and enhance their future employment and/or success in an MBA program. Select 18 credits from at least 3 of the areas below. At least 12 credits must be at or above the 200 level.

  • ACC Accounting courses
  • BUS Business courses
  • MAN Management courses
  • MAR Marketing courses

Chemistry Minor 22-25 cr

  • CHY 101 General Chemistry I 4
  • CHY 102 General Chemistry II 4
  • CHY 221 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHY 222 Organic Chemistry II 4

Select 6 to 9 credits from: 6-9

  • CHY 224 Analytical Chemistry
  • CHY 226 Undergraduate Research/Chemistry*
  • CHY 234 Environmental Chemistry
  • CHY 322 Biochemistry
  • CHY 323 Biochemistry II
  • CHY 326 Undergraduate Research/Chemistry*             *minimum of 2 credits

Coaching Minor 18 cr

Intended for non-recreation majors only. Additional courses may be added to this list as they are developed. Students should consult with their academic advisor.

Select from:

  • EDU 112 School and Community
  • PSY 212 Lifespan I
  • PSY 324 Lifespan II
  • REM 202 Recreational Sports Methods
  • REM 205 Recreation Safety and First Aid
  • REM 226 Recreation Program Planning
  • REM 213 Coaching Soccer and Basketball
  • REM 224 Intro to Athletic Training
  • REM 323 Strength and Conditioning

Counseling Minor 24 cr

Students completing this minor are eligible for State of Maine MHRT/Community certification. Students
apply directly to the State of Maine for certification.

  • PHI 201 Ethics 3
  • PSY 110 Introduction to Psychology 3
  • PSY 211 Intro to Behavioral & Community Mental Health Systems 3
  • PSY 213 Psychosocial Rehabilitation Practices 3
  • PSY 230 Abnormal Psychology 3 
  • PSY 302 Introduction to Counseling Techniques 3
  • PSY 313 Counseling Diverse Populations 3
  • PSY 332 Crisis Identification & Resolution 3

Creative Writing Minor 18 cr

  • ENG 207 Studies in Composition and Grammar 3
  • ENG 210 Beginning Creative Writing 3
  • ENG 471 Advanced Creative Writing Workshop 3
  • Writing electives 9

At least 6 credits of the writing electives must be in creative writing courses. Student may also choose to
apply 3 credits in independent study toward this minor, or take another appropriate course as
approved by the English faculty.

Cultural Anthropology Minor 22 cr

The Cultural Anthropology minor offers students experience in ethnographic description and cultural
analysis, which will enhance their competitiveness for professional/graduate school or for careers that
include a social or cultural dimension. The minor is relevant for careers in international business, foreign
policy, community outreach, tourism, museums, cross- or multi-cultural education and many others.

  • ANT 101 Cultural Anthropology 3
  • CMY 101 Intro to Community Studies 3
  • ANT 212 Environmental Anthropology 3
  • ANT 330 Sociocultural Models 3
  • ANT 3xx Field Project* 1

Select three of the following: 9

  • ANT 215 Special Topics in Applied Anthropology
  • ANT 312 Material Culture
  • ANT 313 Political Ecology
  • ANT 315 Special Topics in Applied Anthropology
  • CMY 110 Downeast Documentary
  • CMY 220 Soliya: Cross-Cultural Communication
  • GIS 230 Geographic Information Systems I

* This project will be conducted in conjunction with any 300-level course in the minor. The field
project and any necessary IRB clearances must be approved before the start of the semester in
which the course is taken.

Economics Minor 18 cr

  • ECO 201 Macroeconomics 3
  • ECO 202 Microeconomics 3
  • HTY 307 American Economic History 3

Select two of the following: 6

  • ECO 112 Community Economics
  • ECO 204 Capitalism & Entrepreneurship
  • ECO 223 Environmental Economics
  • CMY 212 Local Economies in a Global Market

(or any course focusing on community economic development)

Select one of the following: 3

  • IND 301 Independent Study
  • POS 313 Intro to Policy Analysis
  • SSC 310 Demography & Human Ecology

English Minor 24 cr

  • ENG 117 Intro to Literary & Cultural Studies 3
  • ENG 224 Masterpieces of World Literature 3
  • ENG 207 Studies in Composition and Grammar 3
  • ENG 325 Masterpieces of British Literature 3
  • ENG 327 Masterpieces of American Literature 3

Additional literature course at or above 200 level 3
Additional literature course at or above 300 level 3

Select one: 3

  • ENG 231 Techniques of Poetry
  • ENG 232 Techniques of Fiction
  • ENG 233 Techniques of Creative Nonfiction

Environmental Recreation Minor  28 cr

  • ENV 111 Natural Resource Ecology 4
  • ENV 112 Environmental Issues 3
  • REM 121 Outdoor Recreation I 3
  • REM 225 Leadership & Group Dynamics 3
  • REM 327 Recreational Behavior & Environment 3

Select six credits from: 6

  • GIS 204 Intro to Global Positioning Systems
  • ENV 220 Special Topics/Field Ornithology
  • REM 123 River Canoeing
  • REM 125 Sailing & Basic Seamanship
  • REM 211 Recreational Hunting & Fishing
  • REM 212 Wilderness First Responder

Select six credits from: 6

  • BIO 201 Marine Fauna/Microalgae/Downeast Maine
  • ENV 103 Oceanography
  • ENV 105 Trees & Wildflowers of Maine
  • GEY 111 Physical Geology
  • MTR 101 Meteorology
  • REM 223 Ecotourism

Environmental Science Minor 28 cr

(students in ES program may take this as their concentration)

  • ENV 101 Environmental Science 4 cr
  • CHY 234 Environmental Chemistry 4 cr
  • BIO 355 Conservation Biology 4 cr
  • GIS 230 GIS I 4 cr

 Select at least 5 credits from the following:

  • BIO 333 Plant Ecology 4 cr
  • GIS 330 GIS II 4 cr

Any ENV course at the 300 level or above, excluding Issues and Actions sequence

Select one of the following: (3-4 credits)

  • ENV 103 Oceanography
  • ENV 111 Natural Resource Ecology
  • MTR 101 Meteorology
  • GEY 111 Physical Geology

Select one taxonomy based course (4 cr)-

Microbiology, Invertebrate Zoology, Plant Taxonomy, Mammalogy, Ornithology, Entomology, Herpetology, Ichthyology

 *The prerequisites for the required courses include CHY 101, CHY 102, BIO 111, BIO 112, BIO 245, MAT 215. (All of these are requirements of the ES major curriculum if the student chooses MAT 215 as their statistics course)

 (This set of courses would meet the concentration requirements of 24 or more credits with the appropriate number of 300 level and above for the ES program)

Environmental Studies Minor 21 cr

  • ENV 112 Environmental Issues 3
  • ENV 1-414 Environmental Studies:Issues & Actions 2

Select one of the following: 4

  • BIO 245 General Ecology
  • ENV 101 Environmental Science

Select four courses from the following: 12

  • ANT 212 Environmental Anthropology
  • ANT 313 Political Ecology
  • ECO 223 Environmental Economics
  • ENV 213 Environmental Ethics
  • HTY 321 World Environmental History
  • POS 305 Environmental Policy

Geographic Information Systems Applications Minor   19-21 cr

  • GEO 101 Intro to Geography 3
  • GIS 230 GIS Applications I 4
  • GIS 330 GIS Applications II 4
  • GIS 204 Global Positioning Systems (GPS) 1-2

Select two additional GIS elective courses at the 300-level or higher 7-8

History Minor 24 cr

  • HTY 115 World History to 1500
  • HTY 116 World History since 1500
  • American History elective
  • European History elective
  • World History elective
  • 9 credits in additional history electives

Leisure Studies Minor 18 cr

Intended for non-recreation majors only. Additional courses may be added to this list as they are developed. Students should consult with their academic advisor.

Select from:

  • REM 115 History and Philosophy of Recreation
  • REM 201 Leisure Activities
  • REM 202 Recreational Sports Methods
  • REM 205 Recreation Safety and First Aid
  • REM 225 Leadership and Group Dynamics
  • REM 226 Recreation Program Planning
  • REM 311 Recreation Services for Special Populations
  • REM 319 Topics in Tourism & Hospitality Management

Marine Biology Minor   24 cr

  • BIO 111  Zoology 4
  • BIO 112  Botany 4
  • ENV 103 Oceanography 4
  • BIO 206  Marine Biology 4

       Choose two of the following:

  • BIO 227  Invertebrate Zoology 4
  • BIO 223  Marine Mammals and Pelagic Birds 4
  • BIO 313  Ichthyology 4
  • BIO 332  Mariculture 4

                           or Special topics in Mariculture 2-4

  • MAT 215 Applied Statistics 4

                           or GIS 230 Geographic Information Systems 4

Mathematics Minor 24 cr

  • MAT 110    Finite Math 3
  • MAT 126    Calculus I   4
  • MAT 127    Calculus II 4
  • Select at least 13 credits of math at or above the MAT 200 level

Music Minor 24 cr

The music minor provides a solid background of lifelong musical fulfillment for both the budding
musician and the lover of music.

  • MUS 115 Intro to Music: Listening 3
  • MUS 119 Fundamentals of Music: Literacy 3

Select one: 3

  • MUS 312 Music History I
  • MUS 313 Music History II

Select 9 credits in academic music electives at or above the 200 level 9
Select 6 hours from the following courses, with at least one course from each of the following categories: 6
Performing Groups

  • MUS 1/301 UMM Chorale
  • MUS 1-407 Applied Music: Performing Groups

Private Lessons

  • MUS 103 Applied Music: Private Lessons
  • MUS 1/209 Applied Music: Guitar

Outdoor Recreation Minor 18 cr

Intended for non-recreation majors only. Additional courses may be added to this list as they are
developed. Students should consult with their academic advisor.
Select from:

  • REM 115 History and Philosophy of Recreation
  • REM 121 Outdoor Recreation I
  • REM 122 Outdoor Recreation II
  • REM 123 Advanced River Canoeing and Camping (St. John)
  • REM 125 Sailing and Basic Seamanship
  • REM 205 Recreation Safety and First Aid
  • REM 211 Outdoor Recreation III
  • REM 411 Recreation & Wilderness Resources

Professional Writing Minor 18 cr

  • ENG 207 Studies in Composition and Grammar 3
  • ENG 208 Technical Writing in the Information Age 3
  • ENG 236 Copyediting and Proofreading 3

Two writing electives selected from 6

  • ENG 371 Intermediate Creative Writing Workshop
  • WRI 414 Grant and Proposal Writing or other writing courses as approved by the English faculty.

Students may also choose to apply 3 credits in independent study or creative writing toward this minor.

  • WRI 4xx Writing Internship 3

This course might include writing-related work for a business or non-profit agency, tutorial
assistance in the Writing Center, or writing instruction assistance in the classroom. The
student’s internship work will be evaluated by a member of the English faculty in consultation
with the student’s direct supervisor.

Psychology Minor 19 cr

  • HTY 340 History of the Social Sciences 3
  • PSY 110 Intro to Psychology 3
  • PSY 311 Social Psychology 3
  • PSY 320 Learning and Memory 3
  • PSY 322 Physiological Psychology 3
  • SSC 320 Research Methods and Design 4

Note: Students are required to take BIO 111 General Zoology and MAT 113 Intro to Statistics as prerequisites for certain courses above. These courses should be taken as part of a student’s University Core requirement selections.

Public Administration Minor 18 cr

The Public Administration minor is designed for students who might wish to pursue graduate work in
public administration and/or work in the public sector. It is an excellent career-oriented complement
to a business administration or liberal arts major.

  • ACC 328 Fund Accounting 3
  • MAN 301 Management 3
  • POS 215 American National Government 3
  • WRI 414 Grant and Proposal Writing 3

Select 6 credits from the following: 6

  • ACC 201 Financial Accounting
  • BUS 221 Business Law I
  • ECO 202 Microeconomics
  • POS 216 State & Local Government

Secondary Education Minor 34 cr

In conjunction with their BA programs in English, interdisciplinary fine arts (visual arts concentration),
Psychology & Community Studies and the sciences, students who successfully complete Secondary
Education minors may apply for teaching certification, grades 7-12. It is important that students
take initiative early in their college careers to form an informal advising relationship with one of the
education faculty. Courses must be planned carefully to meet requirements for both major program and
secondary education certification. Students preparing for secondary teaching certification must successfully complete the
following professional courses, including student teaching:

  • EDU 112 School & Community 3
  • EDU 210 Educational Psychology 3
  • SED 310 Dimensions of Exceptionality 3
  • EDU 321 Secondary Methods in Teaching I 3
  • EDU 327 Secondary Methods in Teaching II 3
  • EDU 337 Classroom Management 2
  • EDU 338 Differentiation & Behavior Mgt 2
  • EDU 352 Curriculum Design Evaluation & Assessment 3
  • EDU 490 Student Teaching 12

Prior to applying to student teach, students should meet the following requirements by October if
they plan on student teaching the following Spring. They should meet them by March if they plan on
student teaching the following Fall.

  • · minimum overall GPA of 2.50
  • · minimum GPA in major of 2.50
  • · minimum GPA of 2.50 in EDU 112, EDU 210 and EDU 352
  • · successfully complete Praxis I & II exams
  • · criminal history background check

Further information can be found under Baccalaureate Programs in the section titled “Teacher Preparation Programs.”

Substance Abuse Services Minor 27 cr

  • PSY 230 Abnormal Psychology 3
  • PSY 302 Introduction to Counseling Techniques 3
  • PSY 310 Family Challenges & Resilience 3
  • PSY 322 Physiological Psychology 3
  • PSY 327 Chemical Dependency 3
  • PSY 332 Crisis Identification & Resolution 3
  • PSY 351 Chemical Dependency & Dual Diagnosis Counseling 3

Select two of the following: 6

  • PSY 326 Vocational Aspects of Disability
  • PSY 328 Case Management
  • PSY 329 Trauma & Recovery

Sustainability Management Minor 24 Cr

  • BUS 326 Sustainable Business
  • ECO 223 Environmental Economics
  • ENV 201 Topics: Energy in Society
  • POS 305 Environmental Policy

Select one of the following: 3

  • ENV 112 Environmental Issues
  • ELA 1xx Intro to Sustainability

Select one of the following: 3

  • PSY 311 Social Psychology
  • PSY 316 Industrial/Organizational Psychology

Select one of the following: 3

  • REM 225 Leadership & Group Dynamics
  • BUS 332 Leadership
  • MAN 301 Management
  • MAN 302 Small Business Management & Entrepreneurship

Select one of the following: 3

  • BIO 245 General Ecology
  • BUS 325 Business Ethics & Social Responsibility
  • ENV 213 Environmental Ethics & Values
  • HTY 321 World Environmental History
  • MAN 318 Human Behavior in Organizations
  • PSY 317 Environmental Psychology
  • PSY 334 Community Psychology & the Environment
  • REM 301 Park & Recreation Facilities Operations
  • REM 414 Grant & Proposal Writing
  • SOC 314 Environmental Law/ Environmental Crime
  • SSC 310 Demography & Human Ecology

Women’s Studies Minor 18 cr

Women’s Studies examines women from an interdisciplinary perspective, acknowledging
gender’s pervasive influence on multiple aspects of our daily lives. A Women’s Studies minor will allow
students to focus on the history, contributions, and experiences of women, within a complex matrix of
such factors as race, class, ethnicity, nationality, and sexual orientation.
Women’s Studies courses can help prepare students for entering the workforce or pursuing
further education, in such diverse fields as teaching, law, medicine, journalism, communication, business,
recreation, or government. It can also be of special benefit to students planning to enter the social service
sector, including human service agencies, personal or career counseling, women’s agencies and programs,
and public service.
The Women’s Studies minor consists of a minimum of 18 credits, to be distributed as follows:

  • WST 110 Intro to Women’s Studies 3
  • WST 410 Feminist Theory 3
  • Women’s Studies electives 12

At least 50 percent of the content in the Women’s Studies electives must be concerned specifically with
women’s issues. At least 2 of these courses must be outside the student’s major field of study.
Each semester, the Women’s Studies Steering Group publishes a list of courses that qualify for
Women’s Studies credit. Students may also petition to have other courses count toward the 4-course
requirement. A maximum of 3 credits of independent study may be credited toward the minor.

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