The Text      

Astr 1 P 1 Lyte Lowys my sone, I aperceyve wel by certeyne
Astr 1 P 2 evydences thyn abilite to lerne sciences
Astr 1 P 3 touching nombres and proporciouns; and as wel
Astr 1 P 4 considre I thy besy praier in special to lerne the
Astr 1 P 5 tretys of the Astrelabie. Than for as moche as a
Astr 1 P 6 philosofre saith, " he wrappith him in his frend,
Astr 1 P 7 that condescendith to the rightfulle praiers of his
Astr 1 P 8 frend, " therfore have I yeven the a suffisant Astrolabie
Astr 1 P 9 as for oure orizonte, compowned
Astr 1 P 10 after the latitude of Oxenforde; upon
Astr 1 P 11 which, by mediacioun of this litel tretys, I
Astr 1 P 12 purpose to teche the a certein nombre of conclusions
Astr 1 P 13 aperteynyng to the same instrument. I
Astr 1 P 14 seie a certein of conclusions, for thre causes. The
Astr 1 P 15 first cause is this: truste wel that alle the conclusions
Astr 1 P 16 that han be founde, or ellys possibly
Astr 1 P 17 might be founde in so noble an instrument as is
Astr 1 P 18 an Astrelabie ben unknowe parfitly to eny mortal
Astr 1 P 19 man in this regioun, as I suppose. Another
Astr 1 P 20 cause is this, that sothly in any tretis of the
Astr 1 P 21 Astrelabie that I have seyn, there be somme
Astr 1 P 22 conclusions that wol not in alle thinges parformen
Astr 1 P 23 her bihestes; and somme of hem ben to
Astr 1 P 24 harde to thy tendir age of ten yeer to conceyve.
Astr 1 P 25 This tretis, divided in 5 parties, wol I shewe
Astr 1 P 26 the under full light reules and naked wordes in
Astr 1 P 27 Englissh, for Latyn canst thou yit but small,
Astr 1 P 28 my litel sone. But natheles suffise to the these
Astr 1 P 29 trewe conclusions in Englissh as wel as sufficith
Astr 1 P 30 to these noble clerkes Grekes these
Astr 1 P 31 same conclusions in Grek; and to Arabiens
Astr 1 P 32 in Arabik, and to Jewes in Ebrew, and to
Astr 1 P 33 Latyn folk in Latyn; whiche Latyn folk had
Astr 1 P 34 hem first out of othere dyverse langages, and
Astr 1 P 35 writen hem in her owne tunge, that is to seyn,
Astr 1 P 36 in Latyn. And God woot that in alle these
Astr 1 P 37 langages and in many moo han these conclusions
Astr 1 P 38 ben suffisantly lerned and taught, and yit
Astr 1 P 39 by diverse reules; right as diverse pathes
Astr 1 P 40 leden diverse folk the righte way to Rome.
Astr 1 P 41 Now wol I preie mekely every discret persone
Astr 1 P 42 that redith or herith this litel tretys to have
Astr 1 P 43 my rude endityng for excusid, and my superfluite
Astr 1 P 44 of wordes, for two causes. The firste cause
Astr 1 P 45 is for that curious endityng and hard sentence
Astr 1 P 46 is ful hevy at onys for such a child to lerne.
Astr 1 P 47 And the secunde cause is this, that sothly me
Astr 1 P 48 semith better to writen unto a child twyes a
Astr 1 P 49 god sentence, than he forgete it onys.
Astr 1 P 50 And Lowys, yf so be that I shewe the in
Astr 1 P 51 my lighte Englissh as trewe conclusions
Astr 1 P 52 touching this mater, and not oonly as trewe
Astr 1 P 53 but as many and as subtile conclusiouns, as
Astr 1 P 54 ben shewid in Latyn in eny commune tretys
Astr 1 P 55 of the Astrelabie, konne me the more thank.
Astr 1 P 56 And preie God save the king, that is lord of
Astr 1 P 57 this langage, and alle that him feith berith and
Astr 1 P 58 obeieth, everich in his degre, the more and
Astr 1 P 59 the lasse. But considre wel that I ne usurpe
Astr 1 P 60 not to have founden this werk of my labour
Astr 1 P 61 or of myn engyn. I n' am but a lewd compilator
Astr 1 P 62 of the labour of olde astrologiens, and have it
Astr 1 P 63 translatid in myn Englissh oonly for thy doctrine.
Astr 1 P 64 And with this swerd shal I sleen envie.
Astr 1 P 65 Prima pars. -- The firste partie of this tretys
Astr 1 P 66 shal reherse the figures and the membres of
Astr 1 P 67 thyn Astrelabie by cause that thou shalt have
Astr 1 P 68 the gretter knowing of thyn oune instrument.
Astr 1 P 69 Secunda pars. -- The secunde partie
Astr 1 P 70 shal techen the worken the verrey practik
Astr 1 P 71 of the forseide conclusiouns, as ferforth and
Astr 1 P 72 as narwe as may be shewed in so small an
Astr 1 P 73 instrument portatif aboute. For wel woot
Astr 1 P 74 every astrologien that smallist fraccions ne
Astr 1 P 75 wol not be shewid in so small an instrument as
Astr 1 P 76 in subtile tables calculed for a cause.
Astr 1 P 77 Tertia pars. -- The thirde partie shal contene
Astr 1 P 78 diverse tables of longitudes and latitudes
Astr 1 P 79 of sterres fixe for the Astrelabie, and tables
Astr 1 P 80 of the declinacions of the sonne, and tables
Astr 1 P 81 of longitudes of citees and townes; and
Astr 1 P 82 tables as well for the governaunce of a clokke, as
Astr 1 P 83 for to fynde the altitude meridian; and many anothir
Astr 1 P 84 notable conclusioun after the kalenders
Astr 1 P 85 of the reverent clerkes, Frere J. Somer and
Astr 1 P 86 Frere N. Lenne.
Astr 1 P 87 Quarta pars. -- The fourthe partie shal ben
Astr 1 P 88 a theorike to declare the moevyng of the celestiall
Astr 1 P 89 bodies with the causes. The whiche
Astr 1 P 90 fourthe partie in speciall shal shewen a
Astr 1 P 91 table of the verrey moeving of the mone
Astr 1 P 92 from houre to houre every day and in every
Astr 1 P 93 signe after thyn almenak. Upon which table
Astr 1 P 94 there folewith a canoun suffisant to teche as
Astr 1 P 95 wel the manere of the worchynge of the same
Astr 1 P 96 conclusioun as to knowe in oure orizonte with
Astr 1 P 97 which degre of the zodiak that the mone arisith
Astr 1 P 98 in any latitude, and the arisyng of any planete
Astr 1 P 99 after his latitude fro the ecliptik lyne.
Astr 1 P 100 Quinta pars. -- The fifthe partie shal
Astr 1 P 101 be an introductorie, after the statutes of
Astr 1 P 102 oure doctours, in which thou maist lerne a gret
Astr 1 P 103 part of the generall rewles of theorik in astrologie.
Astr 1 P 104 In which fifthe partie shalt thou fynden
Astr 1 P 105 tables of equaciouns of houses after the latitude of
Astr 1 P 106 Oxenforde; and tables of dignitees of planetes,
Astr 1 P 107 and othere notefull thinges, yf God wol vouche
Astr 1 P 108 saaf and his Moder the Maide, moo then I behete.
Astr 1 1 1 Thyn Astrolabie hath a ring to putten on
Astr 1 1 2 the thombe of thi right hond in taking the
Astr 1 1 3 height of thinges. And tak kep, for from henes
Astr 1 1 4 forthward I wol clepen the heighte of any thing
Astr 1 1 5 that is taken by the rewle " the altitude, " withoute
Astr 1 1 6 moo wordes.
Astr 1 2 1 This ryng renneth in a maner toret fast
Astr 1 2 2 to the moder of thyn Astrelabie in so rowme a
Astr 1 2 3 space that it distourbith not the instrument to
Astr 1 2 4 hangen after his right centre.
Astr 1 3 1 The moder of thin Astrelabye is thikkest
Astr 1 3 2 plate, perced with a large hool, that resceiveth
Astr 1 3 in hir wombe the thynne plates compowned
Astr 1 3 4 for diverse clymates, and thy reet shapen in
Astr 1 3 5 manere of a nett or of a web of a loppe.
Astr 1 4 1 This moder is dividid on the bakhalf with
Astr 1 4 2 a lyne that cometh descending fro the ring
Astr 1 4 3 doun to the netherist bordure. The whiche
Astr 1 4 4 lyne, fro the forseide ring unto the centre of
Astr 1 4 5 the large hool amidde, is clepid the south lyne,
Astr 1 4 6 or ellis the lyne meridional. And the remenaunt
Astr 1 4 7 of this lyne doun to the bordure is
Astr 1 4 8 clepid the north lyne, or ellis the lyne of midnyght.
Astr 1 5 1 Overthwart this forseide longe lyne ther
Astr 1 5 2 crossith him another lyne of the same lengthe
Astr 1 5 3 from eest to west. Of the whiche lyne, from
Astr 1 5 4 a litel cros (+) in the bordure unto the centre
Astr 1 5 5 of the large hool, is clepid the est lyne, or
Astr 1 5 6 ellis the lyne orientale. And the remenaunt of
Astr 1 5 7 this lyne, fro the forseide centre unto the bordure,
Astr 1 5 8 is clepid the west lyne, or ellis the lyne
Astr 1 5 9 occidentale. Now hast thou here the foure
Astr 1 5 10 quarters of thin Astrolabie divided after the
Astr 1 5 11 foure principales plages or quarters of the firmament.
Astr 1 6 1 The est syde of thyn Astrolabie is clepid
Astr 1 6 2 the right syde, and the west syde is clepid the
Astr 1 6 3 left syde. Forget not thys, litel Lowys. Put
Astr 1 6 4 the ryng of thyn Astrolabie upon the thombe
Astr 1 6 5 of thi right hond, and than wol his right side
Astr 1 6 6 be toward thi lift side, and his left side wol be
Astr 1 6 7 toward thy right side. Tak this rewle generall,
Astr 1 6 8 as wel on the bak as on the wombe syde. Upon
Astr 1 6 9 the ende of this est lyne, as I first seide, is
Astr 1 6 10 marked a litel cros (+), where as evere
Astr 1 6 11 moo generaly is considerid the entring of
Astr 1 6 12 the first degre in which the sonne arisith.
Astr 1 7 1 Fro this litel cros (+) up to the ende
Astr 1 7 2 of the lyne meridionall, under the ryng, shalt
Astr 1 7 3 thou fynden the bordure divided with 90 degrees;
Astr 1 7 4 and by that same proporcioun is every
Astr 1 7 5 quarter of thin Astrolabie divided. Over the
Astr 1 7 6 whiche degrees there ben noumbres of augrym
Astr 1 7 7 that dividen thilke same degres fro 5 to 5, as
Astr 1 7 8 shewith by longe strikes bitwene. Of whiche
Astr 1 7 9 longe strikes the space bitwene contenith
Astr 1 7 10 a myle wey, and every degre of the bordure
Astr 1 7 11 conteneth 4 minutes; this is to seien,
Astr 1 7 12 mynutes of an houre.
Astr 1 8 1 Under the compas of thilke degrees ben
Astr 1 8 2 writen the names of the 12 Signes: as
Astr 1 8 3 Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo,
Astr 1 8 4 Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricornus, Aquarius,
Astr 1 8 5 Piscis. And the nombres of the degrees of
Astr 1 8 6 thoo signes be writen in augrym above, and
Astr 1 8 7 with longe divisiouns fro 5 to 5, dyvidid fro
Astr 1 8 8 the tyme that the signe entrith unto the last
Astr 1 8 9 ende. But understond wel that these degres
Astr 1 8 10 of signes ben everich of hem considred
Astr 1 8 11 of 60 mynutes, and every mynute of
Astr 1 8 12 60 secundes, and so furth into smale fraccions
Astr 1 8 13 infinite, as saith Alkabucius. And therfore
Astr 1 8 14 knowe wel that a degre of the bordure contenith
Astr 1 8 15 4 minutes, and a degre of a signe conteneth
Astr 1 8 16 60 minutes, and have this in mynde.
Astr 1 9 1 Next this folewith the cercle of the daies,
Astr 1 9 2 that ben figured in manere of degres, that contenen
Astr 1 9 3 in nombre 365, dividid also with longe
Astr 1 9 4 strikes fro 5 to 5, and the nombre in augrym
Astr 1 9 5 writen under that cercle.
Astr 1 10 1 Next the cercle of the daies folewith the
Astr 1 10 2 cercle of the names of the monthes, that is to
Astr 1 10 3 say, Januarius, Februarius, Marcius, Aprilis,
Astr 1 10 4 Maius, Junius, Julius, Augustus, September,
Astr 1 10 5 October, November, December. The names
Astr 1 10 6 of these monthes were clepid somme for
Astr 1 10 7 her propirtees and somme by statutes of
Astr 1 10 8 Arabiens, somme by othre lordes of Rome.
Astr 1 10 9 Eke of these monthes, as liked to Julius
Astr 1 10 10 Cesar and to Cesar Augustus, somme were
Astr 1 10 11 compouned of diverse nombres of daies, as
Astr 1 10 12 Julie and August. Than hath Januarie 31 daies,
Astr 1 10 13 Februarie 28, March 31, Aprill 30, May 31,
Astr 1 10 14 Junius 30, Julius 31, Augustus 31, Septembre
Astr 1 10 15 30, Octobre 31, Novembre 30, Decembre 31.
Astr 1 10 16 Natheles, all though that Julius Cesar toke 2
Astr 1 10 17 daies out of Feverer and putte hem in his
Astr 1 10 18 month of Juyll, and Augustus Cesar clepid the
Astr 1 10 19 month of August after his name and ordeined
Astr 1 10 20 it of 31 daies, yit truste wel that the
Astr 1 10 21 sonne dwellith therfore nevere the more
Astr 1 10 22 ne lasse in oon signe than in another.
Astr 1 11 1 Than folewen the names of the holy
Astr 1 11 2 daies in the Kalender, and next hem the lettres
Astr 1 11 3 of the A B C on whiche thei fallen.
Astr 1 12 1 Next the forseide cercle of the A B C,
Astr 1 12 2 under the cross lyne, is marked the skale in
Astr 1 12 3 manere of 2 squyres, or ellis in manere of laddres,
Astr 1 12 4 that serveth by his 12 pointes and his
Astr 1 12 5 dyvisiouns of ful many a subtil conclusioun.
Astr 1 12 6 Of this forseide skale fro the cross lyne unto
Astr 1 12 7 the verrey angle is clepid Umbra Versa, and
Astr 1 12 8 the nethir partie is clepid Umbra Recta, or
Astr 1 12 9 ellis Umbra Extensa.
Astr 1 13 1 Than hast thou a brod reule, that hath
Astr 1 13 2 on either ende a square plate perced with certein
Astr 1 13 3 holes, somme more and somme lasse, to
Astr 1 13 4 resceyve the stremes of the sonne by day, and
Astr 1 13 5 eke by mediacioun of thin eye to knowe the
Astr 1 13 6 altitude of sterres by night.
Astr 1 14 1 Than is there a large pyn in manere of
Astr 1 14 2 an extre, that goth thorugh the hole that halt
Astr 1 14 3 the tables of the clymates and the riet in the
Astr 1 14 4 wombe of the moder; thorugh which pyn ther
Astr 1 14 5 goth a litel wegge, which that is clepid the
Astr 1 14 6 hors, that streynith all these parties to-hepe.
Astr 1 14 7 Thys forseide grete pyn in manere of an extre
Astr 1 14 8 is ymagyned to be the Pool Artik in thyn
Astr 1 14 9 Astralabie.
Astr 1 15 1 The wombe syde of thyn Astrelabie is
Astr 1 15 2 also divided with a longe cros in 4 quarters
Astr 1 15 3 from est to west, fro southe to northe, fro
Astr 1 15 4 right syde to left side, as is the bakside.
Astr 1 16 1 The bordure of which wombe side is
Astr 1 16 2 divided fro the point of the est lyne unto the
Astr 1 16 3 point of the south lyne under the ring, in 90
Astr 1 16 4 degrees; and by that same proporcioun is every
Astr 1 16 5 quarter divided, as is the bakside. That
Astr 1 16 6 amountith 360 degrees. And understond wel
Astr 1 16 7 that degres of this bordure ben aunswering and
Astr 1 16 8 consentrike to the degrees of the equinoxiall,
Astr 1 16 9 that is dividid in the same nombre as every
Astr 1 16 10 othir cercle is in the highe hevene. This
Astr 1 16 11 same bordure is divided also with 23
Astr 1 16 12 lettres capitals and a small cross (+) above
Astr 1 16 13 the south lyne, that shewith the 24 houres
Astr 1 16 14 equals of the clokke. And, as I have seid, 5
Astr 1 16 15 of these degres maken a myle wey, and 3 mile-wei
Astr 1 16 16 maken an houre. And every degre of thys
Astr 1 16 17 bordure contenith 4 minutes, and every minute
Astr 1 16 18 60 secundes. Now have I told the twyes.
Astr 1 17 1 The plate under the riet is discrived
Astr 1 17 2 with 3 cercles, of whiche the leest is
Astr 1 17 3 clepid the cercle of Cancre by cause that the
Astr 1 17 4 heved of Cancre turnith evermo consentrik
Astr 1 17 5 upon the same cercle. In this heved
Astr 1 17 6 of Cancer is the grettist declinacioun northward
Astr 1 17 7 of the sonne, and therfore is he clepid
Astr 1 17 8 solsticium of somer; which declinacioun, after
Astr 1 17 9 Ptholome, is 23 degrees and 50 minutes as
Astr 1 17 10 wel in Cancer as in Capricorn. This signe
Astr 1 17 11 of Cancer is clepid the tropik of somer, of
Astr 1 17 12 tropos, that is to seien " ageynward. " For than
Astr 1 17 13 beginneth the sonne to passen from us-ward.
Astr 1 17 14 The myddel cercle in wydnesse, of these 3,
Astr 1 17 15 is clepid the cercle equinoxiall, upon which
Astr 1 17 16 turnith evermo the hevedes of Aries and Libra.
Astr 1 17 17 And understond wel that evermo thys cercle
Astr 1 17 18 equinoxiall turnith justly from verrey est to verrey
Astr 1 17 19 west as I have shewed the in the speer
Astr 1 17 20 solide. This same cercle is clepid also
Astr 1 17 21 Equator, that is the weyer of the day; for
Astr 1 17 22 whan the sonne is in the hevedes of Aries and
Astr 1 17 23 Libra, than ben the dayes and the nightes ylike
Astr 1 17 24 of lengthe in all the world. And therfore ben
Astr 1 17 25 these 2 signes called the equinoxiis. And all
Astr 1 17 26 that moeveth withinne the hevedes of these
Astr 1 17 27 Aries and Libra, his moevyng is clepid northward;
Astr 1 17 28 and all that moevith withoute these
Astr 1 17 29 hevedes, his moevyng is clepid southward,
Astr 1 17 30 as fro the equinoxiall. Tak kep of these
Astr 1 17 31 latitudes north and south, and forget it nat.
Astr 1 17 32 By this cercle equinoxiall ben considred the
Astr 1 17 33 24 houres of the clokke; for evermo the arisyng
Astr 1 17 34 of 15 degrees of the equinoxiall makith an
Astr 1 17 35 houre equal of the clokke. This equinoxiall is
Astr 1 17 36 clepid the gurdel of the first moeving, or ellis
Astr 1 17 37 of the firste moevable. And note that the firste
Astr 1 17 38 moevyng is clepid moevyng of the firste moevable
Astr 1 17 39 of the 8 speer, which moeving is from
Astr 1 17 40 est to west, and eft ageyn into est. Also
Astr 1 17 41 it is clepid girdel of the firste moeving for it
Astr 1 17 42 departith the firste moevable, that is to seyn
Astr 1 17 43 the spere, in two like partyes evene distantz
Astr 1 17 44 fro the poles of this world.
Astr 1 17 45 The widest of these 3 principale cercles is
Astr 1 17 46 clepid the cercle of Capricorne, by cause that
Astr 1 17 47 the heved of Capricorne turneth evermo consentrik
Astr 1 17 48 upon the same cercle. In the heved of
Astr 1 17 49 this forseide Capricorne is the grettist declinacioun
Astr 1 17 50 southward of the sonne, and therfore
Astr 1 17 51 it is clepid the solsticium of wynter.
Astr 1 17 52 This signe of Capricorne is also clepid the
Astr 1 17 53 tropic of wynter, for than begynneth the sonne
Astr 1 17 54 to come ageyn to us-ward.
Astr 1 18 1 Upon this forseide plate ben compassed
Astr 1 18 2 certeyn cercles that highten almycanteras, of
Astr 1 18 3 whiche somme of hem semen parfit cercles and
Astr 1 18 4 somme semen inparfit. The centre that stondith
Astr 1 18 5 amyddes the narwest cercle is clepid the
Astr 1 18 6 cenyth. And the netherist cercle, or the firste
Astr 1 18 7 cercle, is clepid the orizonte, that is to seyn,
Astr 1 18 8 the cercle that divideth the two emysperies,
Astr 1 18 9 that is, the partie of the hevene above the
Astr 1 18 10 erthe and the partie bynethe. These almykanteras
Astr 1 18 11 ben compowned by 2 and 2, all
Astr 1 18 12 be it so that on diverse Astrelabies somme
Astr 1 18 13 almykanteras ben divided by oon, and somme
Astr 1 18 14 by two, and somme by thre, after the quantite
Astr 1 18 15 of the Astrelabie. This forseide cenyth is
Astr 1 18 16 ymagined to ben the verrey point over the
Astr 1 18 17 crowne of thin heved. And also this cenyth
Astr 1 18 18 is the verray pool of the orizonte in every regioun.
Astr 1 19 1 From this cenyth, as it semeth, there
Astr 1 19 2 comen a maner croked strikes like to the clawes
Astr 1 19 3 of a loppe, or elles like the werk of a wommans
Astr 1 19 4 calle, in kervyng overthwart the almykanteras.
Astr 1 19 5 And these same strikes or divisiouns
Astr 1 19 6 ben clepid azimutz, and thei dividen the orisounte
Astr 1 19 7 of thin Astrelabie in 24 divisiouns. And
Astr 1 19 8 these azymutz serven to knowe the costes of
Astr 1 19 9 the firmament, and to othre conclusions, as
Astr 1 19 10 for to knowe the cenyth of the sonne and
Astr 1 19 11 of every sterre.
Astr 1 20 1 Next these azymutz, under the cercle
Astr 1 20 2 of Cancer, ben there 12 divisiouns embelif,
Astr 1 20 3 muche like to the shap of the azemutz, that
Astr 1 20 4 shewen the spaces of the houres of planetes.
Astr 1 21 1 The riet of thin Astrelabie with thy zodiak,
Astr 1 21 2 shapen in manere of a net or of a lopweb
Astr 1 21 3 after the olde descripcioun, which thou maist
Astr 1 21 4 turnen up and doun as thiself liketh, contenith
Astr 1 21 5 certein nombre of sterres fixes, with her longitudes
Astr 1 21 6 and latitudes determinat, yf so be that the
Astr 1 21 7 maker have not errid. The names of the sterres
Astr 1 21 8 ben writen in the margyn of the riet there as thei
Astr 1 21 9 sitte, of whiche sterres the smale point is
Astr 1 21 10 clepid the centre. And understond also that
Astr 1 21 11 alle the sterres sitting within the zodiak of
Astr 1 21 12 thin Astrelabie ben clepid sterres of the north,
Astr 1 21 13 for thei arise by northe the est lyne. And all the
Astr 1 21 14 remenaunt fixed oute of the zodiak ben clepid
Astr 1 21 15 sterres of the south. But I seie not that thei arisen
Astr 1 21 16 alle by southe the est lyne; witnesse on Aldeberan
Astr 1 21 17 and Algomeysa. Generaly understond this
Astr 1 21 18 rewle, that thilke sterres that ben clepid sterres
Astr 1 21 19 of the north arisen rather than the degre of
Astr 1 21 20 her longitude, and alle the sterres of the
Astr 1 21 21 south arisen after the degre of her longitude --
Astr 1 21 22 this is to seyn, sterres fixed in thyn
Astr 1 21 23 Astrelabie. The mesure of this longitude of
Astr 1 21 24 sterres is taken in the lyne ecliptik of hevene,
Astr 1 21 25 under which lyne, whan that the sonne and the
Astr 1 21 26 mone be lyne-right, or ellis in the superficie of
Astr 1 21 27 this lyne, than is the eclipse of the sonne or of
Astr 1 21 28 the mone, as I shal declare, and eke the cause
Astr 1 21 29 why. But sothly the ecliptik lyne of thy
Astr 1 21 30 zodiak is the utterist bordure of thy zodiak
Astr 1 21 31 there the degrees be marked.
Astr 1 21 32 Thy zodiak of thin Astrelabie is shapen as
Astr 1 21 33 a compas which that contenith a large brede
Astr 1 21 34 as after the quantite of thyn Astrelabie, in ensample
Astr 1 21 35 that the zodiak in hevene is ymagyned
Astr 1 21 36 to ben a superfice contenyng a latitude of 12
Astr 1 21 37 degrees, whereas alle the remenaunt of cercles
Astr 1 21 38 in the hevene ben ymagyned verrey lynes withoute
Astr 1 21 39 eny latitude. Amiddes this celestial
Astr 1 21 40 zodiak is ymagined a lyne which that is
Astr 1 21 41 clepid the ecliptik lyne, under which lyne
Astr 1 21 42 is evermo the wey of the sonne. Thus ben
Astr 1 21 43 there 6 degres of the zodiak on that oo syde
Astr 1 21 44 of the lyne and 6 degrees on that othir. This
Astr 1 21 45 zodiak is dividid in 12 principale divisiouns that
Astr 1 21 46 departen the 12 signes, and, for the streitnesse
Astr 1 21 47 of thin Astrolabie, than is every smal divisioun
Astr 1 21 48 in a signe departed by two degrees and two, I
Astr 1 21 49 mene degrees contenyng 60 mynutes. And
Astr 1 21 50 this forseide hevenysshe zodiak is clepid
Astr 1 21 51 the cercle of the signes, or the cercle of the
Astr 1 21 52 bestes, for " zodia " in langage of Grek sowneth
Astr 1 21 53 " bestes " in Latyn tunge. And in the zodiak
Astr 1 21 54 ben the 12 signes that han names of bestes,
Astr 1 21 55 or ellis for whan the sonne entrith in eny
Astr 1 21 56 of tho signes he takith the propirte of suche
Astr 1 21 57 bestes, or ellis for that the sterres that ben
Astr 1 21 58 ther fixed ben disposid in signes of bestes or
Astr 1 21 59 shape like bestes, or elles whan the planetes
Astr 1 21 60 ben under thilke signes thei causen us by
Astr 1 21 61 her influence operaciouns and effectes like
Astr 1 21 62 to the operaciouns of bestes.
Astr 1 21 63 And understond also that whan an hot planete
Astr 1 21 64 cometh into an hot signe, than encrescith
Astr 1 21 65 his hete; and yf a planete be cold, than amenusith
Astr 1 21 66 his coldnesse by cause of the hoote sygne.
Astr 1 21 67 And by thys conclusioun maist thou take ensample
Astr 1 21 68 in alle the signes, be thei moist or drie,
Astr 1 21 69 or moeble or fixe, reknyng the qualite of the
Astr 1 21 70 planete as I first seide. And everich of
Astr 1 21 71 these 12 signes hath respect to a certeyn
Astr 1 21 72 parcel of the body of a man, and hath it in
Astr 1 21 73 governaunce; as Aries hath thin heved, and
Astr 1 21 74 Taurus thy nekke and thy throte, Gemini thin
Astr 1 21 75 armholes and thin armes, and so furth, as shall
Astr 1 21 76 be shewid more pleyn in the 5 partie of this
Astr 1 21 77 tretis.
Astr 1 21 78 This zodiak, which that is part of the 8 speer,
Astr 1 21 79 over-kervith the equinoxial, and he over-kervith
Astr 1 21 80 him ageyn in evene parties; and
Astr 1 21 81 that oo half declineth southward; and that
Astr 1 21 82 othir northward, as pleinly declarith the Tretys
Astr 1 21 83 of the Speer.
Astr 1 21 84 Than hast thou a label that is shapen like
Astr 1 21 85 a reule, save that it is streit and hath no plates
Astr 1 21 86 on either ende with holes. But with the smale
Astr 1 21 87 point of the forseide label shalt thou calcule
Astr 1 21 88 thin equaciouns in the bordure of thin Astralabie,
Astr 1 21 89 as by thin almury.
Astr 1 21 90 Thin almury is clepid the denticle of
Astr 1 21 91 Capricorne, or ellis the calculer. This same
Astr 1 21 92 almury sitt fix in the heved of Capricorne, and
Astr 1 21 93 it serveth of many a necessarie conclusioun in
Astr 1 21 94 equacions of thinges as shal be shewid.
Astr 2 1 Rub To fynde the degre in which the sonne is
Astr 2 1 RubA day by day, after his cours aboute.
Astr 2 1 1 Rekne and knowe which is the day of thy
Astr 2 1 2 month, and ley thy rewle upon that same day,
Astr 2 1 3 and than wol the verrey poynt of thy rewle
Astr 2 1 4 sitten in the bordure upon the degre of thy
Astr 2 1 5 sonne.
Astr 2 1 6 Ensample as thus: The yeer of oure Lord
Astr 2 1 7 1391, the 12 day of March at midday, I wolde
Astr 2 1 8 knowe the degre of the sonne. I soughte in
Astr 2 1 9 the bakhalf of myn Astrelabie and fond the
Astr 2 1 10 cercle of the daies, the whiche I knowe by
Astr 2 1 11 the names of the monthes writen under the
Astr 2 1 12 same cercle. Tho leyde I my reule over this
Astr 2 1 13 foreseide day, and fond the point of my reule
Astr 2 1 14 in the bordure upon the firste degre of Aries,
Astr 2 1 15 a litel within the degre. And thus knowe I this
Astr 2 1 16 conclusioun.
Astr 2 1 17 Anothir day I wolde knowen the degre of
Astr 2 1 18 my sonne, and this was at midday in the 13
Astr 2 1 19 day of Decembre. I fond the day of the
Astr 2 1 20 month in manere as I seide; tho leide I my
Astr 2 1 21 rewle upon this forseide 13 day, and fond
Astr 2 1 22 the point of my rewle in the bordure upon
Astr 2 1 23 the firste degre of Capricorne a lite within the
Astr 2 1 24 degre. And than had I of this conclusioun the
Astr 2 1 25 ful experience.
Astr 2 2 Rub To knowe the altitude of the sonne or of
Astr 2 2 RubA othre celestial bodies.
Astr 2 2 1 Put the ryng of thyn Astrelabie upon thy
Astr 2 2 2 right thombe, and turne thi lift syde ageyn
Astr 2 2 3 the light of the sonne; and remewe thy rewle
Astr 2 2 4 up and doun til that the stremes of the sonne
Astr 2 2 5 shine thorugh bothe holes of thi rewle. Loke
Astr 2 2 6 than how many degrees thy rule is areised fro
Astr 2 2 7 the litel cros upon thin est lyne, and tak there
Astr 2 2 8 the altitude of thi sonne. And in this same
Astr 2 2 9 wise maist thow knowe by night the altitude
Astr 2 2 10 of the mone or of brighte sterres.
Astr 2 2 11 This chapitre is so generall evere in oon
Astr 2 2 12 that there nedith no more declaracioun; but
Astr 2 2 13 forget it not.
Astr 2 3 Rub To knowe every tyme of the day by light
Astr 2 3 RubA of the sonne; and every tyme of the nyght by
Astr 2 3 RubB the sterres fixe; and eke to knowe by nyght or
Astr 2 3 RubC by day the degre of eny signe that ascendith on
Astr 2 3 RubD the est orisonte, which that is clepid comounly
Astr 2 3 RubE the ascendent, or ellis horoscopum.
Astr 2 3 1 Tak the altitude of the sonne whan the list,
Astr 2 3 2 as I have seid, and set the degre of the sonne,
Astr 2 3 3 in caas that it be beforn the myddel of the day,
Astr 2 3 4 among thyn almykanteras on the est syde of
Astr 2 3 5 thin Astrelabie; and if it be after the myddel
Astr 2 3 6 of the day, set the degre of thy sonne upon the
Astr 2 3 7 west syde. Tak this manere of settyng for a
Astr 2 3 8 general rule, ones for evere. And whan thou
Astr 2 3 9 hast set the degre of thy sonne upon as
Astr 2 3 10 many almykanteras of height as was the altitude
Astr 2 3 11 of the sonne taken by thy rule, ley
Astr 2 3 12 over thi label upon the degre of the sonne; and
Astr 2 3 13 than wol the point of thi labell sitte in the
Astr 2 3 14 bordure upon the verrey tyde of the day.
Astr 2 3 15 Ensample as thus: The yeer of oure lord
Astr 2 3 16 1391, the 12 day of March, I wolde knowe the
Astr 2 3 17 tyde of the day. I tok the altitude of my sonne,
Astr 2 3 18 and fond that it was 25 degrees and 30 minutes
Astr 2 3 19 of height in the bordure on the bak
Astr 2 3 20 side. Tho turned I myn Astrelabye, and by
Astr 2 3 21 cause that it was before mydday, I turned
Astr 2 3 22 my riet and sette the degre of the sonne, that
Astr 2 3 23 is to seyn the firste degre of Aries, on the right
Astr 2 3 24 side of myn Astrelabye upon 25 degrees and
Astr 2 3 25 30 mynutes of height among myn almykanteras.
Astr 2 3 26 Tho leide I my label upon the degre of my
Astr 2 3 27 sonne, and fond the point of my label in the
Astr 2 3 28 bordure upon a capital lettre that is clepid
Astr 2 3 29 an X. Tho rekned I alle the capitale lettres
Astr 2 3 30 fro the lyne of mydnight unto this forseide
Astr 2 3 31 lettre X, and fond that it was 9 of the
Astr 2 3 32 clokke of the day. Tho loked I doun upon myn
Astr 2 3 33 est orizonte, and fond there the 20 degre of
Astr 2 3 34 Geminis ascendyng, which that I tok for myn
Astr 2 3 35 ascendent. And in this wise had I the experience
Astr 2 3 36 for evermo in which manere I shulde
Astr 2 3 37 knowe the tyde of the day and eke myn ascendent.
Astr 2 3 39 Tho wolde I wite the same nyght folewyng
Astr 2 3 40 the houre of the nyght, and wroughte
Astr 2 3 41 in this wise: Among an heep of sterres
Astr 2 3 42 fixe it liked me for to take the altitude of the
Astr 2 3 43 faire white sterre that is clepid Alhabor, and
Astr 2 3 44 fond hir sittyng on the west side of the lyne
Astr 2 3 45 of midday, 12 degrees of heighte taken by my
Astr 2 3 46 rewle on the bak side. Tho sette I the centre
Astr 2 3 47 of this Alhabor upon 12 degrees among myn
Astr 2 3 48 almykanteras upon the west side, by cause that
Astr 2 3 49 she was founde on the west side. Tho
Astr 2 3 50 leyde I my label over the degre of the
Astr 2 3 51 sonne, that was discendid under the west
Astr 2 3 52 orisounte, and rekned all the lettres capitals
Astr 2 3 53 fro the lyne of midday unto the point of my
Astr 2 3 54 label in the bordure, and fond that it was
Astr 2 3 55 passed 9 of the clokke the space of 10 degrees.
Astr 2 3 56 Tho lokid I doun upon myn est orisounte, and
Astr 2 3 57 fond there 10 degrees of Scorpius ascendyng,
Astr 2 3 58 whom I tok for myn ascendent. And thus
Astr 2 3 59 lerned I to knowe onys for ever in which
Astr 2 3 60 manere I shuld come to the houre of the
Astr 2 3 61 nyght, and to myn ascendent, as verrely as
Astr 2 3 62 may be taken by so smal an instrument.
Astr 2 3 63 But natheles this rule in generall wol I warne
Astr 2 3 64 the for evere: Ne make the nevere bold to
Astr 2 3 65 have take a just ascendent by thin Astrelabie,
Astr 2 3 66 or elles to have set justly a clokke, whan eny
Astr 2 3 67 celestial body by which that thou wenyst governe
Astr 2 3 68 thilke thinges be nigh the south lyne.
Astr 2 3 69 For trust wel, whan the sonne is nygh the
Astr 2 3 70 meridional lyne, the degre of the sonne
Astr 2 3 71 renneth so longe consentrik upon the almykanteras
Astr 2 3 72 that sothly thou shalt erre fro the
Astr 2 3 73 just ascendent. The same conclusioun sey I by
Astr 2 3 74 the centre of eny sterre fix by nyght. And
Astr 2 3 75 more over, by experience I wot wel that in
Astr 2 3 76 oure orisounte, from xi of the clokke unto oon
Astr 2 3 77 of the clokke, in taking of a just ascendent in
Astr 2 3 78 a portatif Astrelabie it is to hard to knowe --
Astr 2 3 79 I mene from xi of the clokke before the
Astr 2 3 80 houre of noon til oon of the clokke next
Astr 2 3 81 folewyng.
Astr 2 4 Rub A special declaracioun of the ascendent.
Astr 2 4 1 The ascendent sothly, as wel in alle nativites
Astr 2 4 2 as in questions and eleccions of tymes, is a
Astr 2 4 3 thing which that these astrologiens gretly observen.
Astr 2 4 4 Wherfore me semeth convenyent, syth
Astr 2 4 5 that I speke of the ascendent, to make of it
Astr 2 4 6 speciall declaracioun.
Astr 2 4 7 The ascendent sothly, to take it at the largest,
Astr 2 4 8 is thilke degre that ascendith at eny of
Astr 2 4 9 these forseide tymes upon the est orisounte.
Astr 2 4 10 And therfore, yf that eny planete ascende
Astr 2 4 11 at thatt same tyme in thilke forseide degre,
Astr 2 4 12 than hath he no latitude fro the ecliptik lyne,
Astr 2 4 13 but he is than in the degre of the ecliptik
Astr 2 4 14 which that is the degre of his longitude. Men
Astr 2 4 15 sayn that thilke planete is in horoscopo.
Astr 2 4 16 But sothly the hous of the ascendent, that
Astr 2 4 17 is to seyn, the first hous or the est angle, is a
Astr 2 4 18 thing more brod and large. For, after the statutes
Astr 2 4 19 of astrologiens, what celestial body
Astr 2 4 20 that is 5 degrees above thilke degre that
Astr 2 4 21 ascendith, or withinne that nombre, that is
Astr 2 4 22 to seyn neer the degree that ascendith, yit
Astr 2 4 23 rekne they thilke planete in the ascendent.
Astr 2 4 24 And what planete that is under thilke degre
Astr 2 4 25 that ascendith the space of 25 degres, yit seyn
Astr 2 4 26 thei that thilke planete is " like to him that is
Astr 2 4 27 the hous of the ascendent. " But sothly, if he
Astr 2 4 28 passe the boundes of these forseide spaces,
Astr 2 4 29 above or bynethe, thei seyn that the planete
Astr 2 4 30 is " fallyng fro the ascendent. " Yit saien
Astr 2 4 31 these astrologiens that the ascendent and
Astr 2 4 32 eke the lord of the ascendent may be shapen
Astr 2 4 33 for to be fortunat or infortunat, as thus: A
Astr 2 4 34 " fortunat ascendent " clepen they whan that no
Astr 2 4 35 wicked planete, as Saturne or Mars or elles
Astr 2 4 36 the Tayl of the Dragoun, is in the hous of the
Astr 2 4 37 ascendent, ne that no wicked planete have
Astr 2 4 38 noon aspect of enemyte upon the ascendent.
Astr 2 4 39 But thei wol caste that thei have a fortunat
Astr 2 4 40 planete in hir ascendent, and yit in his felicite;
Astr 2 4 41 and than sey thei that it is wel.
Astr 2 4 42 Further over thei seyn that the infortunyng of
Astr 2 4 43 an ascendent is the contrarie of these forseide
Astr 2 4 44 thinges. The lord of the ascendent, sey thei
Astr 2 4 45 that he is fortunat whan he is in god place
Astr 2 4 46 fro the ascendent, as in an angle, or in a succident
Astr 2 4 47 where as he is in hys dignite and comfortid
Astr 2 4 48 with frendly aspectes of planetes and
Astr 2 4 49 wel resceyved; and eke that he may seen
Astr 2 4 50 the ascendent; and that he be not retrograd,
Astr 2 4 51 ne combust, ne joyned with no
Astr 2 4 52 shrewe in the same signe; ne that he be not
Astr 2 4 53 in his discencioun, ne joyned with no planete
Astr 2 4 54 in his descencioun, ne have upon him noon
Astr 2 4 55 aspect infortunat; and than sey thei that he is
Astr 2 4 56 well.
Astr 2 4 57 Natheles these ben observaunces of judicial
Astr 2 4 58 matere and rytes of payens, in whiche my
Astr 2 4 59 spirit hath no feith, ne knowing of her
Astr 2 4 60 horoscopum. For they seyn that every
Astr 2 4 61 signe is departid in thre evene parties by
Astr 2 4 62 10 degrees, and thilke porcioun they clepe a
Astr 2 4 63 face. And although that a planete have a latitude
Astr 2 4 64 fro the ecliptik, yit sey somme folk, so
Astr 2 4 65 that the planete arise in that same signe with
Astr 2 4 66 eny degre of the forseide face in which his
Astr 2 4 67 longitude is rekned, that yit is the planete
Astr 2 4 68 in horoscopo, be it in nativyte or in eleccion,
Astr 2 4 69 etc.
Astr 2 5 Rub To knowe the verrey equacioun of the
Astr 2 5 RubA degre of the sonne yf so be that it falle bitwene
Astr 2 5 RubC thyn almykanteras.
Astr 2 5 1 For as muche as the almykanteras in thin
Astr 2 5 2 Astrelabie ben compowned by two and two,
Astr 2 5 3 where as somme almykanteras in sondry astrelabies
Astr 2 5 4 be compowned by 1 and 1, or elles by 2
Astr 2 5 5 and 2, it is necessarie to thy lernyng to teche
Astr 2 5 6 the first to knowe and worke with thin oune
Astr 2 5 7 instrument. Wherfore whan that the degre of
Astr 2 5 8 thi sonne fallith bytwixe 2 almykanteras, or
Astr 2 5 9 ellis yf thin almykanteras ben graven with
Astr 2 5 10 over-gret a poynt of a compas (for bothe
Astr 2 5 11 these thinges may causen errour as wel in
Astr 2 5 12 knowing of the tide of the day, as of the verrey
Astr 2 5 13 ascendent), thou must worken in this
Astr 2 5 14 wise:
Astr 2 5 15 Set the degre of thy sonne upon the hyer
Astr 2 5 16 almykanteras of bothe, and wayte wel where
Astr 2 5 17 as thin almury touchith the bordure and set
Astr 2 5 18 there a prikke of ynke. Sett doun agayn the
Astr 2 5 19 degre of the sunne upon the nether almykanteras
Astr 2 5 20 of bothe, and sett there another
Astr 2 5 21 pricke. Remeve than thin almury in
Astr 2 5 22 the bordure evene amiddes bothe prickes, and
Astr 2 5 23 this wol lede justly the degre of thi sonne to
Astr 2 5 24 sitte bitwene bothe almykanteras in his right
Astr 2 5 25 place. Ley than thy label over the degre of
Astr 2 5 26 thi sonne, and fynd in the bordure the verrey
Astr 2 5 27 tyde of the day, or of the night. And as verraily
Astr 2 5 28 shalt thou fynde upon thin est orisonte
Astr 2 5 29 thin ascendent.
Astr 2 6 Rub To knowe the spryng of the dawenyng
Astr 2 6 RubA and the ende of the evenyng, the whiche ben
Astr 2 6 RubB called the two crepuscules.
Astr 2 6 1 Set the nadir of thy sonne upon 18 degrees
Astr 2 6 2 of height among thyn almykanteras on the west
Astr 2 6 3 syde; and ley thy label on the degre of thy
Astr 2 6 4 sonne, and than shal the point of thy label
Astr 2 6 5 shewen the spryng of the day. Also set the
Astr 2 6 6 nader of thy sonne upon 18 degrees of height
Astr 2 6 7 among thin almykanteras on the est side, and
Astr 2 6 8 ley over thy label upon the degre of the sonne,
Astr 2 6 9 and with the point of thy label fynd in the
Astr 2 6 10 bordure the ende of the evenyng, that is
Astr 2 6 11 verrey nyght.
Astr 2 6 12 The nader of the sonne is thilke degre that
Astr 2 6 13 is opposyt to the degre of the sonne, in the
Astr 2 6 14 7 signe, as thus: every degre of Aries by
Astr 2 6 15 ordir is nadir to every degre of Libra by ordre,
Astr 2 6 16 and Taurus to Scorpioun, Gemini to Sagittarie,
Astr 2 6 17 Cancer to Capricorne, Leo to Aquarie, Virgo
Astr 2 6 18 to Piscis. And if eny degre in thy zodiak be
Astr 2 6 19 derk, his nadir shal declare hym.
Astr 2 7 Rub To knowe the arch of the day, that some
Astr 2 7 RubA folk callen the day artificiall, fro sonne arisyng
Astr 2 7 RubB tyl it go to reste.
Astr 2 7 1 Set the degre of thi sonne upon thin est
Astr 2 7 2 orisonte, and ley thy label on the degre of
Astr 2 7 3 the sonne, and at the point of thy label in the
Astr 2 7 4 bordure set a pricke. Turne than thy riet
Astr 2 7 5 aboute tyl the degre of the sonne sitte upon
Astr 2 7 6 the west orisonte, and ley thy label upon the
Astr 2 7 7 same degre of the sonne, and at the poynt of
Astr 2 7 8 thy label set another pricke. Rekne than
Astr 2 7 9 the quantite of tyme in the bordure bitwixe
Astr 2 7 10 bothe prickes, and tak there thyn arch of
Astr 2 7 11 the day. The remenaunt of the bordure
Astr 2 7 12 under the orisonte is the arch of the nyght.
Astr 2 7 13 Thus maist thou rekne bothe arches, or every
Astr 2 7 14 porcioun, of whether that the liketh. And by
Astr 2 7 15 this manere of worching maist thou se how
Astr 2 7 16 longe that eny sterre fix dwelleth above the
Astr 2 7 17 erthe, fro tyme that he riseth til he go to reste.
Astr 2 7 18 But the day naturall, that is to seyn 24 hours,
Astr 2 7 19 is the revolucioun of the equinoxial with as
Astr 2 7 20 muche partie of the zodiak as the sonne of
Astr 2 7 21 his propre moeving passith in the mene
Astr 2 7 22 while.
Astr 2 8 Rub To turne the houres inequales in houres
Astr 2 8 RubA equales.
Astr 2 8 1 Know the nombre of the degrees in the
Astr 2 8 2 houres inequales, and depart hem by 15, and
Astr 2 8 3 tak there thin houres equales.
Astr 2 9 Rub To knowe the quantite of the day vulgar,
Astr 2 9 RubA that is to seyn fro spryng of the day unto
Astr 2 9 RubB verrey nyght.
Astr 2 9 1 Know the quantite of thy crepuscles, as I
Astr 2 9 2 have taught in the 3 chapitre bifore, and adde
Astr 2 9 3 hem to the arch of thy day artificial, and tak
Astr 2 9 4 there the space of all the hool day vulgar unto
Astr 2 9 5 verrey night. The same manere maist thou
Astr 2 9 6 worche to knowe the quantite of the vulgar
Astr 2 9 7 nyght.
Astr 2 10 Rub To knowe the quantite of houres inequales
Astr 2 10 RubA by day.
Astr 2 10 1 Understond wel that these houres inequales
Astr 2 10 2 ben clepid houres of planetes. And understond
Astr 2 10 3 wel that som tyme ben thei lenger by
Astr 2 10 4 day than by night, and som tyme the contrarie.
Astr 2 10 5 But understond wel that evermo generaly
Astr 2 10 6 the houre inequal of the day with the
Astr 2 10 7 houre inequal of the night contenen 30 degrees
Astr 2 10 8 of the bordure, which bordure is evermo answeryng
Astr 2 10 9 to the degrees of the equinoxial.
Astr 2 10 10 Wherfore departe the arch of the day artificial
Astr 2 10 11 in 12, and tak there the quantite of
Astr 2 10 12 the houre inequale by day. And if thou abate
Astr 2 10 13 the quantite of the houre inequale by day out
Astr 2 10 14 of 30, than shal the remenaunt that levith parforme
Astr 2 10 15 the houre inequale by night.
Astr 2 11 Rub To knowe the quantite of houres
Astr 2 11 RubA equales.
Astr 2 11 1 The quantite of houres equales, that is to
Astr 2 11 2 seyn the houres of the clokke, ben departid by
Astr 2 11 3 15 degrees alredy in the bordure of thin Astrelaby,
Astr 2 11 4 as wel by night as by day, generaly for
Astr 2 11 5 evere. What nedith more declaracioun?
Astr 2 11 6 Wherfore whan the list to knowe hou many
Astr 2 11 7 houres of the clokke ben passed, or eny part
Astr 2 11 8 of eny of these houres that ben passed, or ellis
Astr 2 11 9 how many houres or parties of houres ben
Astr 2 11 10 to come fro such a tyme to such a tyme by
Astr 2 11 11 day or by night, know the degre of thy
Astr 2 11 12 sonne, and ley thy label on it. Turne thy ryet
Astr 2 11 13 aboute joyntly with thy label, and with the
Astr 2 11 14 poynt of it rekne in the bordure fro the sonne
Astr 2 11 15 arise unto that same place there thou desirist,
Astr 2 11 16 by day as by nyght. This conclusioun wol I declare
Astr 2 11 17 in the laste chapitre of the 4 partie of this
Astr 2 11 18 tretys so openly that ther shal lakke no word
Astr 2 11 19 that nedith to the declaracioun.
Astr 2 12 Rub Special declaracioun of the houres of
Astr 2 12 RubA planetes.
Astr 2 12 1 Understond wel that evermo, fro the arisyng
Astr 2 12 2 of the sonne til it go to reste, the nadir of
Astr 2 12 3 the sonne shal shewe the houre of the planete;
Astr 2 12 4 and fro that tyme forward al the night til the
Astr 2 12 5 sonne arise, than shal the verrey degre of the
Astr 2 12 6 sonne shewe the houre of the planete.
Astr 2 12 7 Ensample as thus: The xiij day of March
Astr 2 12 8 fyl upon a Saturday, peraventure, and atte risyng
Astr 2 12 9 of the sonne I fond the secunde degre
Astr 2 12 10 of Aries sittyng upon myn est orisonte, all
Astr 2 12 11 be it that it was but litel. Than fond I the
Astr 2 12 12 2 degre of Libra, nadir of my sonne, discending
Astr 2 12 13 on my west orisonte, upon which west orisonte
Astr 2 12 14 every day generaly, atte sonne arist, entrith the
Astr 2 12 15 houre of eny planete, after which planete the
Astr 2 12 16 day berith his name, and endith in the next
Astr 2 12 17 strike of the plate under the forseide west
Astr 2 12 18 orisonte. And evere as the sonne clymbith upper
Astr 2 12 19 and upper, so goth his nadir downer
Astr 2 12 20 and downer, teching by suche strikes the
Astr 2 12 21 houres of planetes by ordir as they sitten
Astr 2 12 22 in the hevene. The firste houre inequal of
Astr 2 12 23 every Saturday is to Saturne, and the secunde
Astr 2 12 24 to Jupiter, the thirde to Mars, the fourthe
Astr 2 12 25 to the sonne, the fifte to Venus, the sixte to
Astr 2 12 26 Mercurius, the seventhe to the mone. And
Astr 2 12 27 then ageyn the 8 is to Saturne, the 9 to
Astr 2 12 28 Jupiter, the 10 to Mars, the 11 to the sonne,
Astr 2 12 29 the 12 to Venus. And now is my sonne gon
Astr 2 12 30 to reste as for that Saturday. Than shewith
Astr 2 12 31 the verrey degre of the sonne the houre
Astr 2 12 32 of Mercurie entring under my west orisonte at
Astr 2 12 33 eve; and next him succedith the mone, and
Astr 2 12 34 so furth by ordir, planete after planete in houre
Astr 2 12 35 after houre, all the nyght longe til the sonne
Astr 2 12 36 arise. Now risith the sonne that Sonday by
Astr 2 12 37 the morwe, and the nadir of the sonne upon
Astr 2 12 38 the west orisonte shewith me the entring of the
Astr 2 12 39 houre of the forseide sonne. And in this
Astr 2 12 40 manere succedith planete under planete fro
Astr 2 12 41 Saturne unto the mone, and fro the mone up
Astr 2 12 42 ageyn to Saturne, houre after houre generaly.
Astr 2 12 43 And thus knowe I this conclusyoun.
Astr 2 13 Rub To knowe the altitude of the sonne in
Astr 2 13 RubA myddes of the day that is clepid the altitude
Astr 2 13 RubB meridian.
Astr 2 13 1 Set the degre of the sonne upon the lyne
Astr 2 13 2 meridional, and rekne how many degres of
Astr 2 13 3 almykanteras ben bitwyxe thin est orisonte and
Astr 2 13 4 the degre of thy sonne; and tak there thin altitude
Astr 2 13 5 meridian, this to seyn, the highest of the
Astr 2 13 6 sonne as for that day. So maist thou knowe in
Astr 2 13 7 the same lyne the heighest cours that eny sterre
Astr 2 13 8 fix clymbeth by night. This is to seyn that whan
Astr 2 13 9 eny sterre fix is passid the lyne meridional,
Astr 2 13 10 than begynneth it to descende; and so doth
Astr 2 13 11 the sonne.
Astr 2 14 Rub To knowe the degre of the sonne by thy
Astr 2 14 RubA ryet, for a maner curiosite.
Astr 2 14 1 Sek besily with thy rule the highest of the
Astr 2 14 2 sonne in mydde of the day. Turne than thin
Astr 2 14 3 Astrelabie, and with a pricke of ynke marke
Astr 2 14 4 the nombre of that same altitude in the lyne
Astr 2 14 5 meridional; turne than thy ryet aboute tyl thou
Astr 2 14 6 fynde a degre of thy zodiak according with the
Astr 2 14 7 pricke, this is to seyn, sitting on the pricke.
Astr 2 14 8 And in soth thou shalt finde but 2 degrees in
Astr 2 14 9 all the zodiak of that condicioun; and yit
Astr 2 14 10 thilke 2 degrees ben in diverse signes.
Astr 2 14 11 Than maist thou lightly, by the sesoun of
Astr 2 14 12 the yere, knowe the signe in which that is the
Astr 2 14 13 sonne.
Astr 2 15 Rub To knowe which day is lik to which
Astr 2 15 RubA day as of lengthe.
Astr 2 15 1 Loke whiche degrees ben ylike fer fro the
Astr 2 15 2 hevedes of Cancer and Capricorne, and loke
Astr 2 15 3 when the sonne is in eny of thilke degrees;
Astr 2 15 4 than ben the dayes ylike of lengthe. This is
Astr 2 15 5 to seyn that as longe is that day in that month,
Astr 2 15 6 as was such a day in such a month; there varieth
Astr 2 15 7 but litel.
Astr 2 15 8 Also, yf thou take 2 dayes naturales in the
Astr 2 15 9 yere ylike fer fro either point of the equinoxiall
Astr 2 15 10 in the opposyt parties, than as longe
Astr 2 15 11 is the day artificiall of that oon day as is the
Astr 2 15 12 night of that othir, and the contrarie.
Astr 2 16 Rub This chapitre is a maner declaracioun
Astr 2 16 RubA to conclusiouns that folewen.
Astr 2 16 1 Understond wel that thy zodiak is departed
Astr 2 16 2 in two halve circles, as fro the heved of Capricorne
Astr 2 16 3 unto the heved of Cancer, and ageynward
Astr 2 16 4 fro the heved of Cancer unto the heved
Astr 2 16 5 of Capricorne. The heved of Capricorne is
Astr 2 16 6 the lowest point where as the sonne goth in
Astr 2 16 7 wynter, and the heved of Cancer is the heighist
Astr 2 16 8 point in which the sonne goth in somer. And
Astr 2 16 9 therfore understond wel that eny two degrees
Astr 2 16 10 that ben ylike fer fro eny of these two
Astr 2 16 11 hevedes, truste wel that thilke two degrees
Astr 2 16 12 ben of ilike declinacioun, be it southward or
Astr 2 16 13 northward, and the daies of hem ben ilike of
Astr 2 16 14 lengthe and the nyghtes also, and the shadewes
Astr 2 16 15 ilyke, and the altitudes ylike atte midday
Astr 2 16 16 for evere.
Astr 2 17 Rub To knowe the verrey degre of eny maner
Astr 2 17 RubA sterre, straunge or unstraunge, after his longitude;
Astr 2 17 RubB though he be indetermynat in thin
Astr 2 17 RubC Astralabye, sothly to the trouthe thus he shal
Astr 2 17 RubD be knowe.
Astr 2 17 1 Tak the altitude of this sterre whan he is on
Astr 2 17 2 the est syde of the lyne meridionall, as nye
Astr 2 17 3 as thou mayst gesse; and tak an ascendent anon
Astr 2 17 4 right by som manere sterre fix which that thou
Astr 2 17 5 knowist; and forget not the altitude of the firste
Astr 2 17 6 sterre ne thyn ascendent. And whan that this
Astr 2 17 7 is don, aspye diligently whan this same firste
Astr 2 17 8 sterre passith eny thyng the south westward;
Astr 2 17 9 and cacche him anon right in the same
Astr 2 17 10 nombre of altitude on the west syde of this
Astr 2 17 11 lyne meridional, as he was kaught on the
Astr 2 17 12 est syde; and tak a newe ascendent anon-ryght
Astr 2 17 13 by som maner sterre fix which that thou knowist,
Astr 2 17 14 and forget not this secunde ascendent. And
Astr 2 17 15 whan that this is don, rekne than how many
Astr 2 17 16 degrees ben bitwixe the firste ascendent and
Astr 2 17 17 the secunde ascendent; and rekne wel the myddel
Astr 2 17 18 degre bitwene bothe ascendentes, and set
Astr 2 17 19 thilke myddel degre upon thyn est orizonte;
Astr 2 17 20 and wayte than what degre that sitte upon
Astr 2 17 21 the lyne meridional, and tak there the verrey
Astr 2 17 22 degre of the ecliptik in which the sterre
Astr 2 17 23 stondith for the tyme. For in the ecliptik is the
Astr 2 17 24 longitude of a celestiall body rekned, evene
Astr 2 17 25 fro the heved of Aries unto the ende of Pisces;
Astr 2 17 26 and his latitude is rekned after the quantite of
Astr 2 17 27 his declynacioun north or south toward the
Astr 2 17 28 polys of this world.
Astr 2 17 29 As thus: Yif it be of the sonne or of
Astr 2 17 30 eny fix sterre, rekne hys latitude or his
Astr 2 17 31 declinacioun fro the equinoxiall cercle; and
Astr 2 17 32 if it be of a planete, rekne than the quantite
Astr 2 17 33 of his latitude fro the ecliptik lyne, all be it
Astr 2 17 34 so that fro the equinoxiall may the declinacioun
Astr 2 17 35 or the latitude of eny body celestiall be rekned
Astr 2 17 36 after the site north or south and after the quantite
Astr 2 17 37 of his declinacioun. And right so may the
Astr 2 17 38 latitude or the declinacioun of eny body celestiall,
Astr 2 17 39 saaf oonly of the sonne, after hys site
Astr 2 17 40 north or south and after the quantite of his
Astr 2 17 41 declinacioun, be rekned fro the ecliptik
Astr 2 17 42 lyne; fro which lyne alle planetes som tyme
Astr 2 17 43 declinen north or south saaf oonly the forseide
Astr 2 17 44 sonne.
Astr 2 18 Rub To knowe the degrees of longitudes of
Astr 2 18 RubA fixe sterres after that they be determynat in
Astr 2 18 RubB thin Astrelabye, yf so be that thei be trewly
Astr 2 18 RubC sette.
Astr 2 18 1 Set the centre of the sterre upon the lyne
Astr 2 18 2 meridionall, and tak kep of thy zodiak, and
Astr 2 18 3 loke what degre of eny signe that sitte upon
Astr 2 18 4 the same lyne meridionall at that same tyme,
Astr 2 18 5 and tak there the degre in which the sterre
Astr 2 18 6 stondith. and with that same degre cometh that
Astr 2 18 7 same sterre unto that same lyne fro the orisonte.
Astr 2 19 Rub To knowe with which degre of the zodiak
Astr 2 19 RubA eny sterre fix in thin Astrelabie arisith
Astr 2 19 RubB upon the est orisonte, all though his dwellyng
Astr 2 19 RubC be in another signe.
Astr 2 19 1 Set the centre of the sterre upon the est
Astr 2 19 2 orisonte, and loke what degre of eny signe that
Astr 2 19 3 sitt upon the same orisonte at that same tyme.
Astr 2 19 4 And understond wel that with that same degre
Astr 2 19 5 arisith that same sterre.
Astr 2 19 6 And thys merveylous arisyng with a straunge
Astr 2 19 7 degre in another signe is by cause that the
Astr 2 19 8 latitude of the sterre fix is either north or south
Astr 2 19 9 fro the equinoxiall. But sothly the latitudes
Astr 2 19 10 of planetes be comounly rekened fro the
Astr 2 19 11 ecliptyk, by cause that noon of hem declyneth
Astr 2 19 12 but fewe degrees out fro the brede of the
Astr 2 19 13 zodiak. And tak god kep of this chapitre of
Astr 2 19 14 arisyng of celestialle bodies; for truste wel that
Astr 2 19 15 neyther mone ne sterre, as in our embelif
Astr 2 19 16 orisonte, arisith with that same degre of his
Astr 2 19 17 longitude saaf in oo cas, and that is whan they
Astr 2 19 18 have no latitude fro the ecliptyk lyne. But
Astr 2 19 19 natheles som tyme is everich of these planetes
Astr 2 19 20 under the same lyne.
Astr 2 20 Rub To knowe the declinacioun of eny degre
Astr 2 20 RubA in the zodiak fro the equinoxiall cercle.
Astr 2 20 1 Set the degre of eny signe upon the lyne
Astr 2 20 2 meridionall, and rekne hys altitude in the
Astr 2 20 3 almykanteras fro the est orisonte up to the same
Astr 2 20 4 degre set in the forseide lyne, and set there a
Astr 2 20 5 prikke; turne up than thy riet, and set the heved
Astr 2 20 6 of Aries or Libra in the same meridionall lyne,
Astr 2 20 7 and set there a nother prikke. And whan that
Astr 2 20 8 this is don, considre the altitudes of hem bothe;
Astr 2 20 9 for sothly the difference of thilke altitudes
Astr 2 20 10 is the declinacioun of thilke degre fro the
Astr 2 20 11 equinoxiall. And yf it so be that thilke degre
Astr 2 20 12 be northward fro the equinoxiall, than is
Astr 2 20 13 his declinacyoun north; yif it be southward,
Astr 2 20 14 than is it south.
Astr 2 21 Rub To knowe for what latitude in eny regioun
Astr 2 21 RubA the almykanteras of eny table ben compowned.
Astr 2 21 1 Rekene how many degrees of almykanteras
Astr 2 21 2 in the meridionall lyne ben fro the cercle equinoxiall
Astr 2 21 3 unto the cenyth, or elles from the pool
Astr 2 21 4 artyk unto the north orisonte; and for so gret
Astr 2 21 5 a latitude, or for so smal a latitude, is the table
Astr 2 21 6 compowned.
Astr 2 22 Rub To knowe in speciall the latitude of
Astr 2 22 RubA oure countre, I mene after the latitude of Oxenford,
Astr 2 22 RubB and the height of oure pool.
Astr 2 22 1 Understond wel that as fer is the heved of
Astr 2 22 2 Aries or Libra in the equinoxiall fro oure orisonte
Astr 2 22 3 as is the cenyth fro the pool artik; and
Astr 2 22 4 as high is the pool artik fro the orisonte as the
Astr 2 22 5 equinoxiall is fer fro the cenyth. I prove it
Astr 2 22 6 thus by the latitude of Oxenford: understond
Astr 2 22 7 wel that the height of oure pool artik fro oure
Astr 2 22 8 north orisonte is 51 degrees and 50 mynutes;
Astr 2 22 9 than is the cenyth fro oure pool artik 38 degrees
Astr 2 22 10 and 10 mynutes; than is the equinoxial
Astr 2 22 11 from oure cenyth 51 degrees and 50
Astr 2 22 12 mynutes; than is oure south orisonte from oure
Astr 2 22 13 equinoxiall 38 degres and 10 mynutes. Understond
Astr 2 22 14 wel this rekenyng. Also forget not
Astr 2 22 15 that the cenyth is 90 degrees of height from
Astr 2 22 16 the orisonte, and oure equinoxiall is 90 degres
Astr 2 22 17 from oure pool artik. Also this shorte rule is
Astr 2 22 18 soth, that the latitude of eny place in a regioun
Astr 2 22 19 is the distaunce fro the cenyth unto
Astr 2 22 20 the equinoxiall.
Astr 2 23 Rub To prove evidently the latitude of eny
Astr 2 23 RubA place in a regioun by the preve of the height
Astr 2 23 RubB of the pool artik in that same place.
Astr 2 23 1 In som wynters nyght whan the firmament
Astr 2 23 2 is cler and thikke sterred, wayte a tyme til
Astr 2 23 3 that eny sterre fix sitte lyne-right perpendiculer
Astr 2 23 4 over the pool artik, and clepe that sterre A;
Astr 2 23 5 and wayte another sterre that sitte lyne-right
Astr 2 23 6 under A, and under the pool, and clepe that
Astr 2 23 7 sterre F. And understond wel that F is not
Astr 2 23 8 considrid but oonly to declare that A sitte
Astr 2 23 9 evene over the pool. Tak than anoon-right
Astr 2 23 10 the altitude of A from the orisonte, and forget
Astr 2 23 11 it not; let A and F goo fare wel tyl
Astr 2 23 12 ageynst the dawenyng a gret while, and com
Astr 2 23 13 than ageyn, and abid til that A is evene under
Astr 2 23 14 the pool, and under F; for sothly than wol F
Astr 2 23 15 sitte over the pool, and A wol sitte under the
Astr 2 23 16 pool. Tak than eftsonys the altitude of A from
Astr 2 23 17 the orisonte, and note as wel his secunde altitude
Astr 2 23 18 as hys firste altitude. And whan that this
Astr 2 23 19 is doon, rekene how many degrees that the
Astr 2 23 20 firste altitude of A excedith his secunde altitude,
Astr 2 23 21 and tak half thilke porcioun that is
Astr 2 23 22 excedid and adde it to his secunde altitude,
Astr 2 23 23 and tak there the elevacioun of thy pool, and
Astr 2 23 24 eke the latitude of thy regioun; for these two
Astr 2 23 25 ben of oo nombre, this is to seyn, as many degres
Astr 2 23 26 as thy pool is elevat, so muche is the latitude
Astr 2 23 27 of the regioun.
Astr 2 23 28 Ensample as thus: Peraventure the altitude of
Astr 2 23 29 A in the evenyng is 56 degrees of height;
Astr 2 23 30 than wol his secunde altitude or the dawenyng
Astr 2 23 31 be 48 degres, that is 8 degrees lasse
Astr 2 23 32 than 56, that was his first altitude att even.
Astr 2 23 33 Tak than the half of 8 and adde it to 48 that
Astr 2 23 34 was his secunde altitude, and than hast thou
Astr 2 23 35 52. Now hast thou the height of thy pool and
Astr 2 23 36 the latitude of the regioun. But understond
Astr 2 23 37 wel that to prove this conclusioun and many
Astr 2 23 38 another faire conclusioun, thou must have a
Astr 2 23 39 plomet hongyng on a lyne, heygher than
Astr 2 23 40 thin heved, on a perche; and thilke lyne
Astr 2 23 41 must hange evene perpendiculer bytwixe
Astr 2 23 42 the pool and thin eye; and than shalt thou
Astr 2 23 43 seen yf A sitte evene over the pool, and over
Astr 2 23 44 F atte evene; and also yf F sitte evene over the
Astr 2 23 45 pool and over A or day.
Astr 2 24 Rub Another conclusioun to prove the
Astr 2 24 RubA height of the pool artik fro the orisonte.
Astr 2 24 1 Tak eny sterre fix that never descendith under
Astr 2 24 2 the orisonte in thilke regioun, and considre
Astr 2 24 3 his heighist altitude and his lowist altitude
Astr 2 24 4 fro the orisonte, and make a nombre of
Astr 2 24 5 bothe these altitudes; tak than and abate half
Astr 2 24 6 that nombre, and take there the elevacioun of
Astr 2 24 7 the pool artik in that same regioun.
Astr 2 25 Rub Another conclusioun to prove the latitude
Astr 2 25 RubA of the regioun.
Astr 2 25 1 Understond wel that the latitude of eny
Astr 2 25 2 place in a regioun is verrely the space bytwixe
Astr 2 25 3 the cenyth of hem that dwellen there and the
Astr 2 25 4 equinoxiall cercle north or south, takyng the
Astr 2 25 5 mesure in the meridional lyne, as shewith in
Astr 2 25 6 the almykanteras of thin Astrelabye. And thilke
Astr 2 25 7 space is as much as the pool artike is high in
Astr 2 25 8 that same place fro the orisonte. And than is
Astr 2 25 9 the depressioun of the pool antartik, that
Astr 2 25 10 is to seyn, than is the pool antartik, bynethe
Astr 2 25 11 the orisonte the same quantite of
Astr 2 25 12 space neither more ne lasse.
Astr 2 25 13 Than if thou desire to knowe this latitude
Astr 2 25 14 of the regioun, tak the altitude of the sonne
Astr 2 25 15 in the myddel of the day, whan the sonne is
Astr 2 25 16 in the hevedes of Aries or of Libra; for than
Astr 2 25 17 moeveth the sonne in the lyne equinoxiall;
Astr 2 25 18 and abate the nombre of that same sonnes altitude
Astr 2 25 19 out of 90 degrees, and than is the
Astr 2 25 20 remenaunt of the nombre that leveth
Astr 2 25 21 the latitude of the regioun. As thus:
Astr 2 25 22 I suppose that the sonne is thilke day at
Astr 2 25 23 noon 38 degrees of height; abate than 38
Astr 2 25 24 degrees oute of 90; so leveth there 52; than is
Astr 2 25 25 52 degrees the latitude. I say not this but for
Astr 2 25 26 ensample; for wel I wot the latitude of Oxenford
Astr 2 25 27 is certeyn minutes lasse; thow might
Astr 2 25 28 preve the same.
Astr 2 25 29 Now yf so be that the semeth to longe a
Astr 2 25 30 tarieng to abide til that the sonne be in the
Astr 2 25 31 hevedes of Aries or of Libra, than wayte
Astr 2 25 32 whan the sonne is in eny othir degre of the
Astr 2 25 33 zodiak, and considre the degre of his declinacioun
Astr 2 25 34 fro the equinoxiall lyne; and if it so be
Astr 2 25 35 that the sonnes declinacioun be northward fro
Astr 2 25 36 the equinoxiall, abate than fro the sonnes altitude
Astr 2 25 37 at non the nombre of his declinacioun,
Astr 2 25 38 and than hast thou the height of the hevedes
Astr 2 25 39 of Aries and Libra. As thus: My sonne
Astr 2 25 40 is peraventure in the 10 degre of Leoun,
Astr 2 25 41 almost 56 degrees of height at non,
Astr 2 25 42 and his declinacioun is almost 18 degrees
Astr 2 25 43 northward fro the equinoxiall; abate than thilke
Astr 2 25 44 18 degrees of declinacioun out of the altitude
Astr 2 25 45 at non; than leveth there 38 degrees and odde
Astr 2 25 46 minutes. Lo there the heved of Aries or Libra
Astr 2 25 47 and thin equinoxiall in that regioun. Also if
Astr 2 25 48 so be that the sonnes declinacioun be southward
Astr 2 25 49 fro the equinoxiall, adde than thilke
Astr 2 25 50 declinacioun to the altitude of the sonne at
Astr 2 25 51 noon, and tak there the hevedes of Aries
Astr 2 25 52 and Libra and thin equinoxial; abate than the
Astr 2 25 53 height of the equinoxial out of 90 degrees;
Astr 2 25 54 than leveth there the distance of the pool of
Astr 2 25 55 that regioun fro the equinoxiall. Or elles, if
Astr 2 25 56 the list, tak the highest altitude fro the equinoxial
Astr 2 25 57 of eny sterre fix that thou knowist, and
Astr 2 25 58 tak his netherest elongacioun (lengthing) fro
Astr 2 25 59 the same equinoxial lyne, and work in the
Astr 2 25 60 manere forseid.
Astr 2 26 Rub Declaracioun of the ascensioun of
Astr 2 26 RubA signes.
Astr 2 26 1 The excellence of the spere solide, amonges
Astr 2 26 2 othir noble conclusiouns, shewith manyfest the
Astr 2 26 3 diverse ascenciouns of signes in diverse places,
Astr 2 26 4 as wel in the right cercle as in the embelif
Astr 2 26 5 cercle. These auctours writen that thilke signe
Astr 2 26 6 is cleped of right ascensioun with which more
Astr 2 26 7 part of the cercle equinoxiall and lasse part of
Astr 2 26 8 the zodiak ascendith. and thilke signe ascendith
Astr 2 26 9 embelif with which lasse part of the
Astr 2 26 10 equinoxiall and more part of the zodiak
Astr 2 26 11 ascendith. Ferther-over, they seyn that in
Astr 2 26 12 thilke cuntrey where as the senith of hem that
Astr 2 26 13 dwellen there is in the equinoxial lyne, and
Astr 2 26 14 her orisonte passyng by the two poles of this
Astr 2 26 15 world, thilke folk han this right cercle and
Astr 2 26 16 the right orisonte; and evermore the arch of
Astr 2 26 17 the day and the arch of the night is there ilike
Astr 2 26 18 longe; and the sonne twies every yer passing
Astr 2 26 19 thorugh the cenith of hir heed, and two
Astr 2 26 20 someres and two wynters in a yer han these
Astr 2 26 21 forseide peple. And the almycanteras in
Astr 2 26 22 her Astrelabyes ben streight as a lyne, so as
Astr 2 26 23 shewith in the figure.
Astr 2 26 24 The utilite to knowe the ascensions of signes
Astr 2 26 25 in the right cercle is this: Truste wel that
Astr 2 26 26 by mediacioun of thilke ascensions these astrologiens,
Astr 2 26 27 by her tables and her instrumentes,
Astr 2 26 28 knowen verreily the ascensioun of every degre
Astr 2 26 29 and minute in all the zodiak in the embelif
Astr 2 26 30 cercle, as shal be shewed. And nota that
Astr 2 26 31 this forseide right orisonte, that is clepid
Astr 2 26 32 Orison Rectum, dividith the equinoxial into
Astr 2 26 33 right angles; and the embelif orisonte, where
Astr 2 26 34 as the pool is enhaunced upon the orisonte,
Astr 2 26 35 overkervith the equinoxiall in embilif angles,
Astr 2 26 36 as shewith in the figure.
Astr 2 27 Rub This is the conclusioun to knowe the
Astr 2 27 RubA ascensions of signes in the right cercle, that is
Astr 2 27 RubB circulus directus.
Astr 2 27 1 Set the heved of what signe the lyst to knowe
Astr 2 27 2 his ascendyng in the right cercle upon the lyne
Astr 2 27 3 meridionall, and wayte where thyn almury
Astr 2 27 4 touchith the bordure, and set there a prikke;
Astr 2 27 5 turne than thy riet westward til that the ende
Astr 2 27 6 of the forseide signe sitte upon the meridional
Astr 2 27 7 lyne and eftsonys wayte where thin almury
Astr 2 27 8 touchith the bordure, and set there another
Astr 2 27 9 pricke. Rekene than the nombre of degres
Astr 2 27 10 in the bordure bitwixe bothe prikkes, and
Astr 2 27 11 tak the ascensioun of the signe in the right
Astr 2 27 12 cercle. And thus maist thou werke with every
Astr 2 27 13 porcioun of thy zodiak.
Astr 2 28 Rub To knowe the ascensions of signes in the
Astr 2 28 RubA embelif cercle in every regioun, I mene, in
Astr 2 28 RubB circulo obliquo.
Astr 2 28 1 Set the heved of the signe which as the list
Astr 2 28 2 to knowe his ascensioun upon the est orisonte,
Astr 2 28 3 and wayte where thin almury touchith the bordure,
Astr 2 28 4 and there set a prikke. Turne than thy
Astr 2 28 5 riet upward til that the ende of the same signe
Astr 2 28 6 sitte upon the est orisonte, and wayte eftsonys
Astr 2 28 7 where as thin almury touchith the bordure,
Astr 2 28 8 and set there a nother prikke. Rekene than
Astr 2 28 9 the nombre of degrees in the bordure bitwyxe
Astr 2 28 10 bothe prikkes and tak there the ascensioun
Astr 2 28 11 of the signe in the embelif cercle.
Astr 2 28 12 And understond wel that alle the signes in thy
Astr 2 28 13 zodiak, fro the heved of Aries unto the ende
Astr 2 28 14 of Virgo, ben clepid signes of the north fro
Astr 2 28 15 the equinoxiall. And these signes arisen bitwyxe
Astr 2 28 16 the verrey est and the verrey north in
Astr 2 28 17 oure orisonte generaly for evere. And alle the
Astr 2 28 18 signes fro the heved of Libra unto the ende
Astr 2 28 19 of Pisces ben clepid signes of the south fro
Astr 2 28 20 the equinoxial; and these signes arisen
Astr 2 28 21 evermore bitwixe the verrey est and the
Astr 2 28 22 verrey south in oure orisonte. Also every signe
Astr 2 28 23 bitwixe the heved of Capricorne unto the ende
Astr 2 28 24 of Geminis arisith on oure orisonte in lasse
Astr 2 28 25 than 2 houres equales. And these same signes
Astr 2 28 26 fro the heved of Capricorne unto the ende of
Astr 2 28 27 Geminis ben cleped tortuose signes, or croked
Astr 2 28 28 signes, for thei arise embelyf on oure orisonte.
Astr 2 28 29 And these croked signes ben obedient to
Astr 2 28 30 the signes that ben of right ascensioun.
Astr 2 28 31 The signes of right ascencioun ben fro the
Astr 2 28 32 heved of Cancer unto the ende of Sagittarie;
Astr 2 28 33 and these signes arisen more upright, and thei
Astr 2 28 34 ben called eke sovereyn signes and everich of
Astr 2 28 35 hem arisith in more space than 2 houres. Of
Astr 2 28 36 whiche signes Gemini obeieth to Cancer, and
Astr 2 28 37 Taurus to Leo, Aries to Virgo, Pisces to Libra,
Astr 2 28 38 Aquarius to Scorpioun, and Capricorne to Sagittarie.
Astr 2 28 39 And thus evermore 2 signes that
Astr 2 28 40 ben ilike fer fro the heved of Capricorne
Astr 2 28 41 obeyen everich of hem to othir.
Astr 2 29 Rub To knowe justly the 4 quarters of the
Astr 2 29 RubA world, as Est, West, North, and South.
Astr 2 29 1 Tak the altitude of thy sonne whan the list,
Astr 2 29 2 and note wel the quarter of the world in which
Astr 2 29 3 the sonne is for the tyme by the azymutz.
Astr 2 29 4 Turne than thin Astrelabie, and set the degre
Astr 2 29 5 of the sonne in the almykanteras of his altitude
Astr 2 29 6 on thilke syde that the sonne stant, as is the
Astr 2 29 7 manere in takyng of houres, and ley thy label
Astr 2 29 8 on the degre of the sonne; and rekene how
Astr 2 29 9 many degrees of the bordure ben bitwixe
Astr 2 29 10 the lyne meridional and the point of thy
Astr 2 29 11 label, and note wel that nombre. Turne
Astr 2 29 12 than ageyn thin Astrelabie, and set the point
Astr 2 29 13 of thy gret rule there thou takist thin altitudes
Astr 2 29 14 upon as many degrees in his bordure fro his
Astr 2 29 15 meridional as was the point of thy label fro
Astr 2 29 16 the lyne meridional on the wombe side. Take
Astr 2 29 17 than thin Astrelabie with bothe hondes sadly
Astr 2 29 18 and slighly, and let the sonne shyne thorugh
Astr 2 29 19 bothe holes of thy rule, and slighly in thilke
Astr 2 29 20 shynyng lat thin Astrelabie kouche adoun
Astr 2 29 21 evene upon a smothe ground, and than wol
Astr 2 29 22 the verrey lyne meridional of thin Astrelabie
Astr 2 29 23 lye evene south, and the est lyne wol lye est,
Astr 2 29 24 and the west lyne west, and the north lyne
Astr 2 29 25 north, so that thou worke softly and avysely
Astr 2 29 26 in the kouching. And thus hast thou the 4
Astr 2 29 27 quarters of the firmament.
Astr 2 30 Rub To knowe the latitude of planetes fro
Astr 2 30 RubA the wey of the sonne, whethir so they be north
Astr 2 30 RubB or south fro the forseide wey.
Astr 2 30 1 Loke whan that a planete is in the lyne
Astr 2 30 2 meridional, yf that hir altitude be of the same
Astr 2 30 3 height that is the degre of the sonne for that
Astr 2 30 4 day, and than is the planete in the verrey wey
Astr 2 30 5 of the sonne and hath no latitude. And if the
Astr 2 30 6 altitude of the planete be heigher than the
Astr 2 30 7 degre of the sonne, than is the planete north
Astr 2 30 8 fro the wey of the sonne such a quantite of
Astr 2 30 9 latitude as shewith by thin almykanteras.
Astr 2 30 10 And if the altitude of the planete be lasse
Astr 2 30 11 than the degre of the sonne, than is the
Astr 2 30 12 planete south fro the wey of the sonne such
Astr 2 30 13 a quantite of latitude as shewith by thin
Astr 2 30 14 almykanteras. This is to seyn, fro the wey
Astr 2 30 15 where as the sonne went thilke day, but not
Astr 2 30 16 fro the wey of the sonne in every place of the
Astr 2 30 17 zodiak.
Astr 2 31 Rub To knowe the cenyth of the arising of
Astr 2 31 RubA the sonne, this is to seyn, the partie of the
Astr 2 31 RubB orisonte in which that the sonne arisith.
Astr 2 31 1 Thou must first considere that the sonne arisith
Astr 2 31 2 not alwey verrey est, but somtyme by northe
Astr 2 31 3 the est and somtyme by south the est. Sothly
Astr 2 31 4 the sonne arisith nevere moo verrey est in oure
Astr 2 31 5 orisonte, but he be in the heved of Aries or
Astr 2 31 6 Libra. Now is thin orisonte departed in 24 parties
Astr 2 31 7 by thin azimutes in significacioun of 24 parties
Astr 2 31 8 of the world; al be it so that shipmen rekene
Astr 2 31 9 thilke parties in 32. Than is there no
Astr 2 31 10 more but wayte in which azimut that thy
Astr 2 31 11 sonne entrith at his arisyng, and take there
Astr 2 31 12 the cenith of the arisyng of the sonne.
Astr 2 31 13 The manere of the divisioun of thin Astrelabie
Astr 2 31 14 is this, I mene as in this cas: First
Astr 2 31 15 it is divided in 4 plages principalis with the
Astr 2 31 16 lyne that goth from est to west; and than with
Astr 2 31 17 another lyne that goth fro south to north; than
Astr 2 31 18 is it divided in smale parties of azymutz, as est,
Astr 2 31 19 and est by south, where as is the first azymut
Astr 2 31 20 above the est lyne; and so furth fro
Astr 2 31 21 partie to partie til that thou come ageyn
Astr 2 31 22 unto the est lyne. Thus maist thou understonde
Astr 2 31 23 also the cenyth of eny sterre, in which partie
Astr 2 31 24 he riseth.
Astr 2 32 Rub To knowe in which partie of the firmament
Astr 2 32 RubA is the conjunccyoun.
Astr 2 32 1 Considere the tyme of the conjunccyoun by
Astr 2 32 2 the kalender, as thus: Loke hou many houres
Astr 2 32 3 thilke conjunccioun is fro the midday of the
Astr 2 32 4 day precedent, as shewith by the canon of
Astr 2 32 5 thy kalender. Rekene than thilke nombre of
Astr 2 32 6 houres in the bordure of thin Astrelabie, as
Astr 2 32 7 thou art wont to do in knowyng of the houres
Astr 2 32 8 of the day or of the nyght, and ley thy label
Astr 2 32 9 over the degre of the sonne, and than wol
Astr 2 32 10 the point of thy label sitte upon the houre
Astr 2 32 11 of the conjunccioun. Loke than in which
Astr 2 32 12 azymut the degre of thy sonne sittith, and in
Astr 2 32 13 that partie of the firmament is the conjunccioun.
Astr 2 33 Rub To knowe the cenyth of the altitude of
Astr 2 33 RubA the sonne.
Astr 2 33 1 This is no more to seyn but eny tyme of
Astr 2 33 2 the day tak the altitude of the sonne, and by
Astr 2 33 3 the azymut in which he stondith maist thou
Astr 2 33 4 seen in which partie of the firmament he is.
Astr 2 33 5 And the same wise maist thou seen by night,
Astr 2 33 6 of eny sterre, wheither the sterre sitte est or
Astr 2 33 7 west, or north or south, or eny partie bitwene,
Astr 2 33 8 after the name of the azimut in which is the
Astr 2 33 9 sterre.
Astr 2 34 Rub To knowe sothly the degre of the longitude
Astr 2 34 RubA of the mone, or of eny planete that hath
Astr 2 34 RubB no latitude for the tyme fro the ecliptik lyne.
Astr 2 34 1 Tak the altitude of the mone, and rekne thy
Astr 2 34 2 altitude up among thyn almykanteras on
Astr 2 34 3 which syde that the mone stondith, and set
Astr 2 34 4 there a prikke. Tak than anon-right upon the
Astr 2 34 5 mones syde the altitude of eny sterre fix which
Astr 2 34 6 that thou knowist, and set his centre upon his
Astr 2 34 7 altitude among thyn almykanteras there the
Astr 2 34 8 sterre is founde. Wayte than which degre of
Astr 2 34 9 the zodiak touchith the prykke of the altitude
Astr 2 34 10 of the mone, and tak there the degre
Astr 2 34 11 in which the mone stondith. This conclusioun
Astr 2 34 12 is verrey soth, yf the sterres in thin
Astr 2 34 13 Astrelabie stonden after the trouthe. Comoun
Astr 2 34 14 tretes of the Astrelabie ne maken non excepcioun
Astr 2 34 15 whether the mone have latitude or
Astr 2 34 16 noon, ne on wheyther syde of the mone the
Astr 2 34 17 altitude of the sterre fixe be taken.
Astr 2 34 18 And nota that yf the mone shewe himself
Astr 2 34 19 by light of day, than maist thou worche
Astr 2 34 20 this same conclusioun by the sonne, as wel
Astr 2 34 21 as by the fixe sterre.
Astr 2 35 Rub This is the worchinge of the conclusioun
Astr 2 35 RubA to knowe yf that eny planete be direct
Astr 2 35 RubB or retrograd.
Astr 2 35 1 Tak the altitude of eny sterre that is clepid
Astr 2 35 2 a planete, and note it wel; and tak eke anon
Astr 2 35 3 the altitude of any sterre fix that thou knowist,
Astr 2 35 4 and note it wel also. Com than ageyn the
Astr 2 35 5 thridde or the fourthe nyght next folewing, for
Astr 2 35 6 than shalt thou perceyve wel the moeving of
Astr 2 35 7 a planete, wheither so he moeve forward or
Astr 2 35 8 bakward. Awayte wel than whan that thy
Astr 2 35 9 sterre fixe is in the same altitude that she
Astr 2 35 10 was whan thou toke hir firste altitude.
Astr 2 35 11 And tak than eft-sones the altitude of the
Astr 2 35 12 forseide planete and note it wel; for truste wel
Astr 2 35 13 yf so be that the planete be on the right syde
Astr 2 35 14 of the meridional lyne, so that his secunde altitude
Astr 2 35 15 be lasse than hys first altitude was, than
Astr 2 35 16 is the planete direct; and yf he be on the west
Astr 2 35 17 syde in that condicioun, than is he retrograd.
Astr 2 35 18 And yf so be that this planete be upon the est
Astr 2 35 19 side whan his altitude is ytaken, so that his
Astr 2 35 20 secunde altitude be more than his first altitude,
Astr 2 35 21 than is he retrograd. And if he be on
Astr 2 35 22 the west syde, than is he direct. But the contrarie
Astr 2 35 23 of these parties is of the cours of the
Astr 2 35 24 mone; for certis the mone moeveth the contrarie
Astr 2 35 25 from othre planetes as in hir epicicle, but
Astr 2 35 26 in noon othir manere.
Astr 2 36 Rub The conclusioun of equaciouns of
Astr 2 36 RubA houses after the Astrelabie.
Astr 2 36 1 Set the begynnyng of the degre that ascendith
Astr 2 36 2 upon the ende of the 8 houre inequal; than
Astr 2 36 3 wol the begynnyng of the 2 hous sitte upon
Astr 2 36 4 the lyne of mydnight. Remeve than the degre
Astr 2 36 5 that ascendith, and set him on the ende of the
Astr 2 36 6 10 houre inequal, and than wol the begynnyng
Astr 2 36 7 of the 3 hous sitte up on the mydnight lyne.
Astr 2 36 8 Bring up ageyn the same degre that ascended
Astr 2 36 9 first, and set him upon the est orisonte, and
Astr 2 36 10 than wol the begynnyng of the 4 hous sitte
Astr 2 36 11 upon the lyne of mydnight. Tak than the
Astr 2 36 12 nader of the degre that first ascendid, and set
Astr 2 36 13 him on the ende of the 2 houre inequal; and
Astr 2 36 14 than wol the begynnyng of the 5 hous sitte
Astr 2 36 15 upon the lyne of mydnight. Set than the nader
Astr 2 36 16 of the ascendent on the ende of the 4 houre
Astr 2 36 17 inequal, and than wol the begynnyng of the
Astr 2 36 18 6 hous sitte on the mydnight lyne. The begynnyng
Astr 2 36 19 of the 7 hous is nader of the ascendent,
Astr 2 36 20 and the begynnyng of the 8 hous
Astr 2 36 21 is nader of the 2, and the begynnyng
Astr 2 36 22 of the 9 hous is nader of the 3, and the begynnyng
Astr 2 36 23 of the 10 hous is nader of the 4,
Astr 2 36 24 and the begynnyng of the 11 hous is nader
Astr 2 36 25 of the 5, and the begynnyng of the 12 hous
Astr 2 36 26 is nader of the 6.
Astr 2 37 Rub Another maner of equaciouns of houses
Astr 2 37 RubA by the Astrelabye.
Astr 2 37 1 Tak thin ascendent, and than hast thou thy
Astr 2 37 2 4 angles; for wel thou wost that the opposit
Astr 2 37 3 of thin ascendent, that is to seyn, the begynnyng
Astr 2 37 4 of the 7 hous, sitt upon the west orisonte,
Astr 2 37 5 and the begynnyng of the 10 hous sitt upon
Astr 2 37 6 the lyne meridional, and his opposyt upon the
Astr 2 37 7 lyne of mydnight. Than ley thy label over the
Astr 2 37 8 degre that ascendith, and rekne fro the point
Astr 2 37 9 of thy label alle the degrees in the bordure
Astr 2 37 10 tyl thou come to the meridional lyne; and
Astr 2 37 11 departe alle thilke degrees in 3 evene parties,
Astr 2 37 12 and take there the evene equacions of 3
Astr 2 37 13 houses; for ley thy label over everich of these
Astr 2 37 14 3 parties, and than maist thou se by thy label,
Astr 2 37 15 in the zodiak, the begynnyng of everich
Astr 2 37 16 of these same houses fro the ascendent; that
Astr 2 37 17 is to seyn, the begynnyng of the 12 hous next
Astr 2 37 18 above thin ascendent, the begynnyng of the
Astr 2 37 19 11 hous, and than the 10 upon the meridional
Astr 2 37 20 lyne, as I first seide. The same wise
Astr 2 37 21 worch thou fro the ascendent doun to the
Astr 2 37 22 lyne of mydnyght, and thus hast thou othre
Astr 2 37 23 3 houses; that is to seyn, the begynnyng of
Astr 2 37 24 the 2, and the 3, and the 4 hous. Than is the
Astr 2 37 25 nader of these 3 houses the begynnyng of the
Astr 2 37 26 3 houses that folewen.
Astr 2 38 Rub To fynde the lyne meridional to dwelle
Astr 2 38 RubA fix in eny certeyn place.
Astr 2 38 1 Tak a round plate of metal; for werpyng,
Astr 2 38 2 the brodder the better; and make there upon
Astr 2 38 3 a just compas a lite within the bordure. And
Astr 2 38 4 ley this rounde plate upon an evene ground,
Astr 2 38 5 or on an evene ston, or on an evene stok fix
Astr 2 38 6 in the ground; and ley it evene by a level.
Astr 2 38 7 And in the centre of the compas styke an
Astr 2 38 8 evene pyn, or a wyr, upright, the smaller the
Astr 2 38 9 better; set thy pyn by a plom-rule evene
Astr 2 38 10 upright, and let this pyn be no lenger than
Astr 2 38 11 a quarter of the dyametre of thy compas,
Astr 2 38 12 fro the centre amiddes. And wayte bisely
Astr 2 38 13 aboute 10 or 11 of the clokke, whan the sonne
Astr 2 38 14 shineth, whan the shadewe of the pyn entrith
Astr 2 38 15 enythyng within the cercle of thy compas an
Astr 2 38 16 heer-mele; and marke there a pricke with inke.
Astr 2 38 17 Abid than stille waityng on the sonne til after
Astr 2 38 18 1 of the clokke, til that the shadwe of the wyr,
Astr 2 38 19 or of the pyn, passe enything out of the
Astr 2 38 20 cercle of the compas, be it nevere so lyte,
Astr 2 38 21 and set there another pricke of ynke. Tak
Astr 2 38 22 than a compas, and mesure evene the myddel
Astr 2 38 23 bitwixe bothe prickes, and set there a prikke.
Astr 2 38 24 Tak me than a rule and draw a strike evene
Astr 2 38 25 a-lyne, fro the pyn unto the middel prikke; and
Astr 2 38 26 tak there thi lyne meridional for evermore, as
Astr 2 38 27 in that same place. And yif thou drawe a
Astr 2 38 28 cross-lyne overthwart the compas justly over
Astr 2 38 29 the lyne meridional, than hast thou est and
Astr 2 38 30 west and south, and par consequens,
Astr 2 38 31 the opposit of the south lyne, i.e. the north.
Astr 2 39 Rub Descripcion of the meridional lyne, of
Astr 2 39 RubA longitudes and latitudes of citees and townes,
Astr 2 39 RubB as wel as of climates.
Astr 2 39 1 Thys lyne meridional is but a maner descripcioun,
Astr 2 39 2 or lyne ymagined, that passith upon the
Astr 2 39 3 poles of this world and by the cenyth of oure
Astr 2 39 4 heved. And it is cleped the lyne meridional,
Astr 2 39 5 for in what place that eny man is at any tyme
Astr 2 39 6 of the yer, whan that the sonne, by mevynge
Astr 2 39 7 of the firmament, cometh to his verrey meridian
Astr 2 39 8 place, than is it verrey mydday, that we clepen
Astr 2 39 9 oure non, as to thilke man. And therfore
Astr 2 39 10 is it clepid the lyne of midday. And nota
Astr 2 39 11 that evermore of eny 2 cytes or of 2 townes,
Astr 2 39 12 of which that oo town approchith ner toward
Astr 2 39 13 the est than doth that othir town, trust
Astr 2 39 14 wel that thilke townes han diverse meridians.
Astr 2 39 15 Nota also that the arch of the equinoxial that
Astr 2 39 16 is contened or bownded bitwixe the 2 meridians
Astr 2 39 17 is clepid the longitude of the toun. And
Astr 2 39 18 yf so be that two townes have ilike meridian
Astr 2 39 19 or oon meridian, than is the distaunce of
Astr 2 39 20 hem bothe ilike fer fro the est, and the contrarie;
Astr 2 39 21 and in this manere thei change not
Astr 2 39 22 her meridian. But sothly thei chaungen her
Astr 2 39 23 almykanteras, for the enhaunsyng of the pool
Astr 2 39 24 and the distance of the sonne.
Astr 2 39 25 The longitude of a climat is a lyne ymagined
Astr 2 39 26 fro est to west ilike distant fro the equinoxiall.
Astr 2 39 27 And the latitude of a climat may be
Astr 2 39 28 cleped the space of the erthe fro the begynnyng
Astr 2 39 29 of the first clymat unto the verrey
Astr 2 39 30 ende of the same clymat evene direct
Astr 2 39 31 ageyns the pool artyke. Thus sayn somme
Astr 2 39 32 auctours; and somme of hem sayn that yf men
Astr 2 39 33 clepe the latitude of a cuntrey the arch meridian
Astr 2 39 34 that is contened or intercept bitwix the
Astr 2 39 35 cenyth and the equinoxial, than say they that
Astr 2 39 36 the distance fro the equinoxial unto the ende
Astr 2 39 37 of a clymat evene ageynst the pool artik is the
Astr 2 39 38 latitude of a clymat forsoothe.
Astr 2 40 Rub To knowe with which degre of the zodiak
Astr 2 40 RubA that eny planete ascendith on the orisonte,
Astr 2 40 RubB wheither so that his latitude be north
Astr 2 40 RubC or south.
Astr 2 40 1 Know by thin almenak the degre of the
Astr 2 40 2 ecliptik of eny signe in which that the planete
Astr 2 40 3 is rekned for to be, and that is clepid the
Astr 2 40 4 degre of his longitude. And know also the
Astr 2 40 5 degre of his latitude fro the ecliptik north or
Astr 2 40 6 south. And by these ensamples folewynge in
Astr 2 40 7 speciall maist thou worche in general in every
Astr 2 40 8 signe of the zodiak:
Astr 2 40 9 The degree of the longitude peraventure
Astr 2 40 10 of Venus or of another planete was 1 of
Astr 2 40 11 Capricorne, and the latitude of him was
Astr 2 40 12 northward 4 degrees fro the ecliptik lyne. Than
Astr 2 40 13 tok I a subtil compas, and clepid that oo point
Astr 2 40 14 of my compas A, and that other point F. Than
Astr 2 40 15 tok I the point of A and sette it in the ecliptik
Astr 2 40 16 lyne in my zodiak in the degre of the longitude
Astr 2 40 17 of Venus, that is to seyn, in the 1 degre
Astr 2 40 18 of Capricorne; and than sette I the point of
Astr 2 40 19 F upward in the same signe by cause that
Astr 2 40 20 latitude was north upon the latitude of
Astr 2 40 21 Venus, that is to seyn, in the 4 degre fro the
Astr 2 40 22 heved of Capricorne; and thus have I 4 degrees
Astr 2 40 23 bitwixe my two prickes. Than leide I down
Astr 2 40 24 softly my compas, and sette the degre of the
Astr 2 40 25 longitude upon the orisonte; tho tok I and
Astr 2 40 26 waxed my label in manere of a peire tables to
Astr 2 40 27 receyve distinctly the prickes of my compas.
Astr 2 40 28 Tho tok I thys forseide label, and leyde it fix
Astr 2 40 29 over the degre of my longitude; tho tok I
Astr 2 40 30 up my compas and sette the point of A in
Astr 2 40 31 the wax on my label, as evene as I koude
Astr 2 40 32 gesse, over the ecliptik lyne in the ende of the
Astr 2 40 33 longitude, and sette the point of F endelong
Astr 2 40 34 in my label upon the space of the latitude,
Astr 2 40 35 inward and over the zodiak, that is to seyn
Astr 2 40 36 northward fro the ecliptik. Than leide I doun
Astr 2 40 37 my compas, and loked wel in the wey upon
Astr 2 40 38 the prickes of A and of F; tho turned I my ryet
Astr 2 40 39 til that the pricke of F satt upon the orisonte;
Astr 2 40 40 than saw I wel that the body of
Astr 2 40 41 Venus in hir latitude of 4 degrees septemtrionals
Astr 2 40 42 ascendid, in the ende of the 8 degre,
Astr 2 40 43 fro the heved of Capricorne.
Astr 2 40 44 And nota that in this manere maist thou
Astr 2 40 45 worche with any latitude septemtrional in alle
Astr 2 40 46 signes. But sothly the latitude meridional of
Astr 2 40 47 a planete in Capricorne ne may not be take by
Astr 2 40 48 cause of the litel space bitwixe the ecliptyk
Astr 2 40 49 and the bordure of the Astrelabie; but
Astr 2 40 50 sothely in all othre signes it may.
Astr 2 40 51 Also the degre peraventure of Jupiter, or of
Astr 2 40 52 another planete, was in the first degre of Piscis
Astr 2 40 53 in longitude, and his latitude was 2 degrees
Astr 2 40 54 meridional; tho tok I the point of A and sette
Astr 2 40 55 it in the first degre of Piscis on the ecliptik;
Astr 2 40 56 and than sette I the point of F dounward in
Astr 2 40 57 the same signe by cause that the latitude was
Astr 2 40 58 south 2 degres, that is to seyn, fro the heved
Astr 2 40 59 of Piscis; and thus have I 2 degres bitwixe
Astr 2 40 60 bothe prikkes. Than sette I the degre of
Astr 2 40 61 the longitude upon the orisonte; tho tok I
Astr 2 40 62 my label, and leide it fix upon the degre of the
Astr 2 40 63 longitude; tho sette I the point of A on my
Astr 2 40 64 label evene over the ecliptik lyne in the ende
Astr 2 40 65 of the degre of the longitude, and sette the
Astr 2 40 66 point of F endlong in my label the space of
Astr 2 40 67 2 degres of the latitude outward fro the zodiak
Astr 2 40 68 (this is to seyn southward fro the ecliptik toward
Astr 2 40 69 the bordure), and turned my riet
Astr 2 40 70 til that the pricke of F saat upon the orisonte.
Astr 2 40 71 Than say I wel that the body of
Astr 2 40 72 Jupiter in his latitude of 2 degrees meridional
Astr 2 40 73 ascendid with 8 degres of Piscis in horoscopo.
Astr 2 40 74 And in this manere maist thou worche with
Astr 2 40 75 any latitude meridional, as I first seide, save in
Astr 2 40 76 Capricorne. And yif thou wilt pleye this craft
Astr 2 40 77 with the arisyng of the mone, loke thou rekne
Astr 2 40 78 wel hir cours houre by houre, for she ne dwellith
Astr 2 40 79 not in a degre of hir longitude but litel
Astr 2 40 80 while, as thow wel knowist. But natheles
Astr 2 40 81 yf thou rekne hir verrey moevyng by thy
Astr 2 40 82 tables houre after houre, [ thou shalt do wel
Astr 2 40 83 ynow ].
Astr 2 41 Rub Umbra Recta.
Astr 2 41 1 Yif it so be that thou wilt werke by umbra
Astr 2 41 12 recta, and thou may come to the bas of the
Astr 2 41 13 tour, in this maner shalt thou werke. Tak the
Astr 2 41 14 altitude of the tour by bothe holes, so that
Astr 2 41 15 thy rewle ligge even in a poynt. Ensample as
Astr 2 41 16 thus: I see him thorw at the poynt of 4; than
Astr 2 41 17 mete I the space betwixe me and the tour,
Astr 2 41 18 and I finde it 20 foot; than beholde I how 4
Astr 2 41 19 is to 12, right so is the space betwixe thee
Astr 2 41 110 and the tour to the altitude of the tour.
Astr 2 41 111 For 4 is the thridde part of 12, so is the
Astr 2 41 112 space between thee and the tour the thridde
Astr 2 41 113 part of the altitude of the tour; than thryes 20
Astr 2 41 114 foot is the heyghte of the tour, with adding of
Astr 2 41 115 thyn owne persone to thyn eye. And this rewle
Astr 2 41 116 is general in umbra recta, fro the poynt of
Astr 2 41 117 oon to 12. And yif thy rewle falle upon 5, than
Astr 2 41 118 is 5 12-partyes of the heyght the space between
Astr 2 41 119 thee and the tour; with adding of
Astr 2 41 120 thyn owne heyghte.
Astr 2 42 Rub Umbra Versa.
Astr 2 42 1 Another maner of the werkinge, by umbra
Astr 2 42 12 versa. Yif so be that thou may nat come to
Astr 2 42 13 the bas of the tour, I see him thorw at the nombre
Astr 2 42 14 of 1; I sette ther a prikke at my fot; than
Astr 2 42 15 go I neer to the tour, and I see him thorw at
Astr 2 42 16 the poynt of 2, and there I sette another prikke;
Astr 2 42 17 and I beholde how 1 hath him to 12, and ther
Astr 2 42 18 finde I that it hath him twelfe sythes; than
Astr 2 42 19 beholde I how 2 hath him to 12, and thou
Astr 2 42 110 shalt finde it sexe sythes; than thou shalt
Astr 2 42 111 finde that 12 passith 6 by the numbre of
Astr 2 42 112 6; right so is the space between thy two prikkes
Astr 2 42 113 the space of 6 tymes thyn altitude. And note,
Astr 2 42 114 that at the ferste altitude of 1, thou settest a
Astr 2 42 115 prikke; and afterward, whan thou seest him at
Astr 2 42 116 2, ther thou settest another prikke; than thou
Astr 2 42 117 findest betwyx thes two prikkys 60 foot; than
Astr 2 42 118 thou shalt finde that 10 is the 6-party of 60.
Astr 2 42 119 And then is 10 feet the altitude of the tour.
Astr 2 42 120 For other poyntis, yif it fille in umbra versa,
Astr 2 42 121 as thus: I sette caas it fill upon 2, and at
Astr 2 42 122 the secunde upon 3; than schalt thou finde
Astr 2 42 123 that 2 is 6 partyes of 12; and 3 is 4 partyes of
Astr 2 42 124 12; than passeth 6 4, by nombre of 2; so is the
Astr 2 42 125 space between two prikkes twyes the heyghte
Astr 2 42 126 of the tour. And yif the differens were thryes,
Astr 2 42 127 than shulde it be three tymes; and thus mayst
Astr 2 42 128 thou werke fro 1 to 12; and yif it be 4, 4 tymes;
Astr 2 42 129 or 5, 5 tymes; et sic de ceteris.
Astr 2 43 Rub Umbra Recta.
Astr 2 43 1 Another maner of wyrking, by umbra recta:
Astr 2 43 2 Yif it so be that thou mayst nat come to the
Astr 2 43 3 baas of the tour, in this maner thou schalt
Astr 2 43 4 werke. Set thy rewle upon 1 till thou see the
Astr 2 43 5 altitude, and set at thy foot a prikke. Than
Astr 2 43 6 set thy rewle upon 2, and behold what is the
Astr 2 43 7 differense between 1 and 2, and thou shalt
Astr 2 43 8 finde that it is 1. Than mete the space between
Astr 2 43 9 two prikkes, and that is the 12 partie
Astr 2 43 10 of the altitude of the tour. And yif ther
Astr 2 43 11 were 2, it were the 6 partye; and yif ther
Astr 2 43 12 were 3, the 4 partye; et sic deinceps. And
Astr 2 43 13 note, yif it were 5, it were the 5 party of 12;
Astr 2 43 14 and 7, 7 party of 12; and note, at the altitude
Astr 2 43 15 of thy conclusion, adde the stature of thyn
Astr 2 43 16 heyghte to thyn eye.
Astr 2 44 Rub Another maner conclusion, to knowe
Astr 2 44 RubA the mene mote and the argumentis of any
Astr 2 44 RubB planete. To know the mene mote and the argumentis
Astr 2 44 RubC of every planete fro yeer to yeer, from
Astr 2 44 RubD day to day, from houre to houre, and from
Astr 2 44 RubE smale fraccionis infinite.
Astr 2 44 1 In this maner shalt thou worche; consider
Astr 2 44 2 thy rote first, the whiche is made the beginning
Astr 2 44 3 of the tables fro the yer of oure Lord
Astr 2 44 4 1397, and enter hit into thy slate for the laste
Astr 2 44 5 meridie of December; and than consider the
Astr 2 44 6 yer of oure Lord, what is the date, and behold
Astr 2 44 7 whether thy date be more or lasse than the
Astr 2 44 8 yer 1397. And yf hit so be that hit be more,
Astr 2 44 9 loke how many yeres hit passeth, and with
Astr 2 44 10 so many enter into thy tables in the first
Astr 2 44 11 lyne theras is writen anni collecti et expansi.
Astr 2 44 12 And loke where the same planet is
Astr 2 44 13 writen in the hed of thy table, and than loke
Astr 2 44 14 what thou findest in direct of the same yer of
Astr 2 44 15 oure Lord which is passid, be hit 8, or 9, or
Astr 2 44 16 10, or what nombre that evere it be, til the
Astr 2 44 17 tyme that thou come to 20, or 40, or 60. And
Astr 2 44 18 that thou findest in direct wryt in thy slate under
Astr 2 44 19 thy rote, and adde hit togeder, and that is
Astr 2 44 20 thy mene mote, for the laste meridian of
Astr 2 44 21 the December, for the same yer which that
Astr 2 44 22 thou hast purposed. And if hit so be that hit
Astr 2 44 23 passe 20, consider wel that fro 1 to 20 ben
Astr 2 44 24 anni expansi, and fro 20 to 3000 ben anni collecti;
Astr 2 44 25 and if thy nomber passe 20, than tak that
Astr 2 44 26 thou findest in direct of 20, and if hit be more,
Astr 2 44 27 as 6 or 18, than tak that thou findest in direct
Astr 2 44 28 thereof, that is to sayen, signes, degrees, minutes,
Astr 2 44 29 and secoundes, and adde togedere
Astr 2 44 30 unto thy rote; and thus to make rotes. And
Astr 2 44 31 note, that if hit so be that the yer of oure
Astr 2 44 32 Lord be lasse than the rote, which is the yer
Astr 2 44 33 of oure Lord 1397, than shalt thou wryte in
Astr 2 44 34 the same wyse first thy rote in thy slate, and
Astr 2 44 35 after enter into thy table in the same yer that
Astr 2 44 36 be lasse, as I taught before; and than consider
Astr 2 44 37 how many signes, degrees, minutes, and secoundes
Astr 2 44 38 thyn entringe conteyneth. And so be
Astr 2 44 39 that ther be 2 entrees, than adde hem togeder,
Astr 2 44 40 and after withdraw hem from the
Astr 2 44 41 rote, the yer of oure Lord 1397; and the
Astr 2 44 42 residue that leveth is thy mene mote for the
Astr 2 44 43 laste meridie of December, the whiche thou
Astr 2 44 44 hast purposid; and if hit so be that thou wolt
Astr 2 44 45 witen thy mene mote for any day, or for any
Astr 2 44 46 fraccioun of day, in this maner thou shalt
Astr 2 44 47 worche. Make thy rote fro the laste day of
Astr 2 44 48 December in the maner as I have taught,
Astr 2 44 49 and afterward behold how many monethes,
Astr 2 44 50 dayes, and houres ben passid from the
Astr 2 44 51 meridie of December, and with that enter
Astr 2 44 52 with the laste moneth that is ful passed, and
Astr 2 44 53 take that thou findest in direct of him, and
Astr 2 44 54 wryt hit in thy slate; and enter with as mony
Astr 2 44 55 dayes as be more, and wryt that thou findest
Astr 2 44 56 in direct of the same planete that thou worchest
Astr 2 44 57 for; and in the same wyse in the table of
Astr 2 44 58 houres, for houres that ben passed, and adde
Astr 2 44 59 alle these to thy rote; and the residue is the
Astr 2 44 60 mene mote for the same day and the same
Astr 2 44 61 houre.
Astr 2 45 Rub Another manere to knowe the mene
Astr 2 45 RubA mote.
Astr 2 45 1 Whan thou wolt make the mene mote of eny
Astr 2 45 2 planete to be by Arsechieles tables, tak thy
Astr 2 45 3 rote, the which is for the yer of oure Lord
Astr 2 45 4 1397; and if so be that thy yer be passid the
Astr 2 45 5 date, wryt that date, and than wryt the nomber
Astr 2 45 6 of the yeres. Than withdraw the yeres
Astr 2 45 7 out of the yeres that ben passed that rote.
Astr 2 45 8 Ensampul as thus: the yer of oure Lord 1400,
Astr 2 45 9 I wolde wyten, precise, my rote; than wrot
Astr 2 45 10 I first 1400. And under that nomber I
Astr 2 45 11 wrot a 1397; than withdrow I the laste
Astr 2 45 12 nomber out of that, and than fond I the residue
Astr 2 45 13 was 3 yer; I wiste that 3 yer was passed
Astr 2 45 14 fro the rote, the which was writen in my
Astr 2 45 15 tables. Than afterward soghte I in my tables
Astr 2 45 16 the annis collectis et expansis, and among myn
Astr 2 45 17 expanse yeres fond I 3 yeer. Than tok I alle
Astr 2 45 18 the signes, degrees, and minutes, that I fond
Astr 2 45 19 direct under the same planete that I
Astr 2 45 20 wroghte for, and wrot so many signes,
Astr 2 45 21 degrees, and minutes in my slate, and afterward
Astr 2 45 22 added I to signes, degrees, minutes, and
Astr 2 45 23 secoundes, the whiche I fond in my rote the
Astr 2 45 24 yer of oure Lord 1397; and kepte the residue;
Astr 2 45 25 and than had I the mene mote for the laste
Astr 2 45 26 day of December. And if thou woldest wete
Astr 2 45 27 the mene mote of any planete in March, April,
Astr 2 45 28 or May, other in any other tyme or moneth of
Astr 2 45 29 the yer, loke how many monethes and
Astr 2 45 30 dayes ben passed from the laste day of December,
Astr 2 45 31 the yer of oure Lord 1400; and so
Astr 2 45 32 with monethis and dayes enter into thy table
Astr 2 45 33 ther thou findest thy mene mote iwriten in
Astr 2 45 34 monethes and dayes, and tak alle the signes,
Astr 2 45 35 degrees, minutes, and secoundes that thou findest
Astr 2 45 36 ywrite in direct of thy monethes, and adde
Astr 2 45 37 to signes, degrees, minutes, and secoundes that
Astr 2 45 38 thou findest with thy rote the yer of oure
Astr 2 45 39 Lord 1400, and the residue that leveth is the
Astr 2 45 40 mene mote for that same day. And note,
Astr 2 45 41 if hit so be that thou woldest wite the mene
Astr 2 45 42 mote in any yer that is lasse than thy rote,
Astr 2 45 43 withdraw the nomber of so many yeres as hit
Astr 2 45 44 is lasse than the yer of oure Lord a 1397, and
Astr 2 45 45 kep the residue; and so many yeres, monethes,
Astr 2 45 46 and dayes enter into thy tables of thy mene
Astr 2 45 47 mote. And tak alle the signes, degrees, and
Astr 2 45 48 minutes, and secoundes, that thou findest in
Astr 2 45 49 direct of alle the yeres, monethes, and
Astr 2 45 50 dayes, and wryt hem in thy slate; and
Astr 2 45 51 above thilke nomber wryt the signes, degrees,
Astr 2 45 52 minutes, and secoundes, the which thou
Astr 2 45 53 findest with thy rote the yer of oure Lord a
Astr 2 45 54 1397; and withdraw alle the nethere signes
Astr 2 45 55 and degrees fro the signes and degrees, minutes,
Astr 2 45 56 and secoundes of other signes with thy
Astr 2 45 57 rote; and thy residue that leveth is thy mene
Astr 2 45 58 mote for that day.
Astr 2 46 Rub For to knowe at what houre of the day,
Astr 2 46 RubA or of the night, shal be flod or ebbe.
Astr 2 46 1 First wite thou certeinly, hou that haven
Astr 2 46 2 stondeth, that thou list to werke for; that is
Astr 2 46 3 to say in which place of the firmament the
Astr 2 46 4 mone beyng, makith full see. Than awayte
Astr 2 46 5 thou redily in what degree of the zodiak that
Astr 2 46 6 the mone at that tyme is ynne. Bring furth
Astr 2 46 7 than the label, and set the point therof in
Astr 2 46 8 that same cost that the mone makith flod, and
Astr 2 46 9 set thou there the degree of the mone according
Astr 2 46 10 with the egge of the label. Than
Astr 2 46 11 afterward awayte where is than the degree
Astr 2 46 12 of the sonne, at that tyme. Remeve thou than
Astr 2 46 13 the label fro the mone, and bring and set it
Astr 2 46 14 justly upon the degree of the sonne. And the
Astr 2 46 15 point of the label shal than declare to thee, at
Astr 2 46 16 what houre of the day or of the night shal
Astr 2 46 17 be flod. And there also maist thou wite by the
Astr 2 46 18 same point of the label, whethir it be, at that
Astr 2 46 19 same tyme, flod or ebbe, or half flod, or
Astr 2 46 20 quarter flod, or ebbe, or half or quarter
Astr 2 46 21 ebbe; or ellis at what houre it was last, or
Astr 2 46 22 shal be next by night or by day, thou than
Astr 2 46 23 shalt esely knowe, &c. Furthermore, if it so
Astr 2 46 24 be that thou happe to worke for this matere
Astr 2 46 25 aboute the tyme of the conjunccioun, bring
Astr 2 46 26 furth the degree of the mone with the label
Astr 2 46 27 to that coste as it is before seyd. But than thou
Astr 2 46 28 shalt understonde that thou may not bringe
Astr 2 46 29 furth the label fro the degree of the mone
Astr 2 46 30 as thou dide before; for-why the sonne is
Astr 2 46 31 than in the same degree with the mone.
Astr 2 46 32 And so thou may at that tyme by the point of
Astr 2 46 33 the label unremevid knowe the houre of the
Astr 2 46 34 flod or of the ebbe, as it is before seyd, &c.
Astr 2 46 35 And evermore as thou findest the mone passe
Astr 2 46 36 fro the sonne, so remeve thou the label than
Astr 2 46 37 fro the degree of the mone, and bring it to
Astr 2 46 38 the degree of the sonne. And work thou than
Astr 2 46 39 as thou dide before, &c. Or ellis know
Astr 2 46 40 thou what houre it is that thou art inne,
Astr 2 46 41 by thyn instrument. Than bring thou furth
Astr 2 46 42 fro thennes the label and ley it upon the degree
Astr 2 46 43 of the mone, and therby may thou wite
Astr 2 46 44 also whan it was flod, or whan it wol be next,
Astr 2 46 45 be it night or day; &c.


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