Areas of Support
Physical needs based on health status: illness or injury.
- Temporary or permanent
- Developmental or acquired
Emotional needs based on mental health diagnosis.
- Enduring (such as bi-polar disorder)
- Temporary or situational (such as anxiety, depression)
Learning needs based on differences in taking in, processing, and expressing information.
- Organic (neurological)
- Three primary types: Input; Processing; Output
About Learning Disabilities
Learning disabilities are not related to intelligence. The term refers to a range of problems people experience in processing information: attending to, storing, and/or retrieving what is learned.
Information Processing is a theory of learning. It uses a computer model to understand the process of taking in, processing, storing, and retrieving information.
Information enters the Short-Term Memory through sensory input: sight, sound, touch, smell. Information is then processed in the Short-Term Memory for long term storage. After processing, information is sent to the Long-Term Memory where it is stored for future use. When needed, information is Retrieved form the Long-Term Memory to be put to practical use. With learning disabilities problems can occur at any point in the information processing system.
People with learning disabilities compensate for areas of weakness by developing skills in other areas. This takes awareness, persistence, and ingenuity. Consequently people with learning disabilities are often very smart, creative, persistent, and highly motivated students.