More than 106 years ago, the citizens of Machias saw the need for secondary education and locally trained teachers in Washington County. In January 1909, they began an aggressive campaign to locate a normal school – a teachers’ college – at Machias. A group of more than 30 businessmen, officials, school leaders and citizens traveled to Augusta to persuade the State Legislature to approve the venture. “Machias is a wide awake village in the middle of the county,’’ they declared. The school was approved and authorized in March 1909. The state paid $20,000, the town raised $12,000 and donations covered the rest of the purchase of the O’Brien estate, a 12-acre parcel and homestead overlooking Machias and the Machias River.
Construction of the school went quickly and the large brick building, now known as Powers Hall, was opened in January 1911. In 1913, Kimball Hall was constructed as a women’s dormitory and classroom space. Between the two buildings was the O’Brien House, an elegant clapboard home built in the very early 1800s, which in subsequent years was home to UMM Presidents and now serves students needs.
The Washington State Normal School operated as such for 42 years. Courses lasted two years and graduates were presented certificates, not degrees. Tuition and books were free. Courses on penmanship, calisthenics, and cooking were taught along with science and history. WSNS officially became a college in 1952, moving to full four years of education and adding degrees. It was then called Washington State Teachers’ College.
A fire in 1936 destroyed Powers Hall and it was rebuilt. In 1959, Sennett Hall, a men’s dormitory was built, and in the 1960s, Merrill Library and Kilburn Commons were added to the campus.Torrey Hall was built in 1961 and Dorward Hall, which would be expanded later, in 1967. In 1968, the college became part of the University of Maine System.
Despite rising enrollment, 1969 became a year of turmoil for the college. The UMS Chancellor recommended merging the Machias campus with a yet-to-be constructed vocational institute. Originally planned for Calais, the new plan called for the vocational center to be built in Machias, merge with the Teachers’ College campus and issue only two-year degrees. The people of Washington County were outraged and protests erupted. At a public meeting in Machias on December 2, 1969, more than 1,600 people protested the merger – the most people ever to have gathered in one place in Washington County, it was reported. The protestations worked and two weeks later, the UMaine System’s Board of Trustees ordered that the college remain a four-year campus, with teacher preparation at its heart.
The school’s name officially became UMM in 1970, and – building on UMM’s incredible location among the natural coast, lakes and forests – a new emphasis on science and biology was added. In the fall of 1973, a science building was constructed. Ten years later, the gymnasium in Powers Hall was converted into a Performing Arts Center. The Center for Lifelong learning was constructed in 1999, and includes a pool, weight rooms, classrooms, gymnasium and conference rooms. The Flaherty Center, now operated as an independent day care facility, was completed the following year.
Today, UMM is an affordable liberal arts college and a community of individuals committed to the environment, located on the unspoiled Maine coast. More than 1,000 students are enrolled at UMM, with a faculty to student ratio of 1 faculty member for every 13 students. The average class size is 17 students, providing a one-on-one atmosphere of learning. The campus has now expanded to 243 acres, with a series of wilderness walking trails, athletic fields, student dormitories and classrooms. Financial aid includes scholarships, grants and work study. UMM is fully accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges and the National Recreation and Park Association.
Source: The University of Maine at Machias 1909-2009, A History, by Randall Kindleberger